Istoria evreilor (Romanian Wikipedia)

Analisys of sources in references of the Wikipedia ariticle ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Istoria evreilor

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books.google.combooks.google.com↓ (12)1213
archive.orgweb.archive.org↓ (8)8213
google.nlbooks.google.nl↓ (4)4654157
bibleinterp.combibleinterp.com↓ (2)2low1949
salon.comsalon.com↓ (1)13181024
jstor.orgjstor.org↓ (1)1122138
ruml.comruml.com↓ (1)1lowlow
biblicalarchaeology.orgcourses.biblicalarchaeology.org↓ (1)1low2572
jta.orgjta.org↓ (1)116622482
latimes.comlatimes.com↓ (1)112120
pe.compe.com↓ (1)14009low
cjconroy.netcjconroy.net↓ (1)1lowlow
hathitrust.orgcatalog.hathitrust.org↓ (1)14461560
doi.orgdoi.org↓ (1)154143
cornell.edulib1.library.cornell.edu↓ (1)1193329
icarusfilms.comicarusfilms.com↓ (1)1low1232
jpost.comjpost.com↓ (1)15491650
nytimes.comnytimes.com↓ (1)1320
smithsonianmag.comblogs.smithsonianmag.com↓ (1)1469565
adevarul.roadevarul.ro↓ (1)118151
jewishencyclopedia.comjewishencyclopedia.com↓ (1)18941335
fordham.edufordham.edu↓ (1)11118698
bib-arch.orgbib-arch.org↓ (1)1low1632
encyclopedia.comencyclopedia.com↓ (1)1516389
york.ac.ukyork.ac.uk↓ (1)14311low

adevarul.ro

bib-arch.org

bibleinterp.com

  • 28. Philip Davies The Bible and Interpretation Beyond Labels: What Comes Next?
  • 29. Philip Davies Minimalism, "Ancient Israel," and Anti-Semitism. Citat: „Let me reinforce this claim in respect to my own work. The mainstream view of critical biblical scholarship accepts that Genesis-Joshua (perhaps Judges) is substantially devoid of reliable history and that it was in the Persian period that the bulk of Hebrew Bible literature was either composed or achieved its canonical shape. I thus find attempts to push me out onto the margin of scholarship laughable.”

blogs.smithsonianmag.com

books.google.com

  • 9. Nu e o opinie prea nouă, cf. Toynbee, Arnold; Royal Institute of International Affairs (). A Study of History. 12. Oxford University Press, H. Milford. p. 425.  și Hermann Gunkel în 1901, conform Lyons, William John (). Canon and Exegesis: Canonical Praxis and the Sodom Narrative. A&C Black. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-567-40343-8. Because of his view of the history of religions as an evolutionary process, the latter is his preferred option. Polytheism is seen as older than monotheism and so as the more likely background for the original version of the legend, the visit of three gods to test an individual who proves through his hospitality his worthiness to be given the gift of a son. 
  • 9. Nu e o opinie prea nouă, cf. Toynbee, Arnold; Royal Institute of International Affairs (). A Study of History. 12. Oxford University Press, H. Milford. p. 425.  și Hermann Gunkel în 1901, conform Lyons, William John (). Canon and Exegesis: Canonical Praxis and the Sodom Narrative. A&C Black. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-567-40343-8. Because of his view of the history of religions as an evolutionary process, the latter is his preferred option. Polytheism is seen as older than monotheism and so as the more likely background for the original version of the legend, the visit of three gods to test an individual who proves through his hospitality his worthiness to be given the gift of a son. 
  • 16. Golden, Jonathan Michael (). Ancient Canaan and Israel: new perspectives (în engleză). Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, Inc. p. 274. ISBN 978-1-57607-897-6. Accesat în . 
  • 17. Finkelstein, Israel; Silberman, Neil Asher () [2001]. „8. In the Shadow of Empire (842-720 BCE)”. The Bible Unearthed. Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and The Origin of Its Sacred Texts (în engleză) (ed. First Touchstone Edition 2002). New York: Touchstone. pp. 189–190. ISBN 978-0-684-86913-1. Archaeologically and historically, the redating of these cities from Solomon's era to the time of Omrides has enormous implication. It removes the only archeological evidence that there was ever a united monarchy based in Jerusalem and suggests that David and Solomon were, in political terms, little more than hill country chieftains, whose administrative reach remained on a fairy local level, restricted to the hill country. 
  • 18. Finkelstein, Israel; Silberman, Neil Asher () [2001]. „5. Memories of a Golden Age?”. The Bible Unearthed. Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and The Origin of Its Sacred Texts (în engleză) (ed. First Touchstone Edition 2002). New York: Touchstone. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-684-86913-1. Yet excavations in the city of David revealed impressive finds from the Middle Bronze Age and from later centuries of the Iron Age—just not from the tenth century BCE. The most optimistic assessment of this negative evidence is that tenth century Jerusalem was rather limited in extent, perhaps not more than a typical hill country village. 
  • 21. Coogan, Michael (). „4. Thou Shalt Not: Forbidden Sexual Relationships in the Bible”. God and Sex. What the Bible Really Says (în engleză) (ed. 1st). New York, Boston: Twelve. Hachette Book Group. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-446-54525-9. Accesat în . Jerusalem was no exception, except that it was barely a city—by our standards, just a village. In David's time, its population was only a few thousand, who lived on about a dozen acres, roughly equal to two blocks in Midtown Manhattan. 
  • 21. Coogan, Michael (). „4. Thou Shalt Not: Forbidden Sexual Relationships in the Bible”. God and Sex. What the Bible Really Says (în engleză) (ed. 1st). New York, Boston: Twelve. Hachette Book Group. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-446-54525-9. Accesat în . Jerusalem was no exception, except that it was barely a city—by our standards, just a village. In David's time, its population was only a few thousand, who lived on about a dozen acres, roughly equal to two blocks in Midtown Manhattan. 
  • 26. Finkelstein, Israel; Mazar, Amihay; Schmidt, Brian B. (). „A Summary Assessment for Part 1”. The quest for the historical Israel: debating archaeology and the history of early Israel : invited lectures delivered at the Sixth Biennial Colloquium of the International Institute for Secular Humanistic Judaism, Detroit, October 2005. Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature. p. 8. ISBN 9-781589-832770. Accesat în . The farther one goes from what Mazar views as the pivotal period of biblical composition, that is, the eighth to seventh centuries B.C.E., the more imaginative, symbolic, distorted, and "foggier" that past becomes. In addition, one must take into account the impact that such factors as distortion, selectivity, memory loss, censorship, and ideological or personal bias might have brought to bear on the composition of the resultant biblical traditions. 
  • 27. Finkelstein, Israel; Silberman, Neil Asher (). „3. Murder, Lust, and Betrayal”. David and Solomon. In Search of the Bible's Sacred Kings and the Roots of the Western Tradition (în engleză). New York: Free Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-7432-4363-6. Accesat în . The Bible reports that Jehoshaphat, a contemporary of Ahab, offered manpower and horses for the northern kingdom's wars against the Arameans. He strengthened his relationship with the northern kingdom by arranging a diplomatic marriage: the Israelite princess Athaliah, sister or daughter of King Ahab, married Jehoram, the son of Jehoshaphat (2 Kings 8:18). The house of David in Jerusalem was now directly linked to (and apparently dominated by) the Israelite royalty of Samaria. In fact, we might suggest that this represented the north's takeover by marriage of Judah. Thus in the ninth century BCE—nearly a century after the presumed time of David—we can finally point to the historical existence of a great united monarchy of Israel, stretching from Dan in the north to Beer-sheba in the south, with significant conquered territories in Syria and Transjordan. But this united monarchy—a real united monarchy—was ruled by the Omrides, not the Davidides, and its capital was Samaria, not Jerusalem. 
  • 37. Lipschits, Oded (). „The history of Israel in the biblical period”. În Berlin, Adele; Brettler, Marc Zvi. The Jewish Study Bible (în engleză) (ed. 2nd). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-997846-5. As this essay will show, however, the premonarchic period long ago became a literary description of the mythological roots, the early beginnings of the nation and the way to describe the right of Israel on its land. The archeological evidence also does not support the existence of a united monarchy under David and Solomon as described in the Bible, so the rubric of “united monarchy” is best abandoned, although it remains useful for discussing how the Bible views the Israelite past. 
  • 38. Grabbe, Lester L. (). A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period (vol. 1): The Persian Period (539-331BCE). Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 355. ISBN 978-0-567-21617-5. The alleged decree of Cyrus permitting—even commanding—the Jews to rebuild the temple and permitting them to return cannot be considered authentic. 
  • 46. Runciman, Steven (). The First Crusade. Cambridge University Press. p. 65. ISBN 9780521611480. 

books.google.nl

catalog.hathitrust.org

  • 1. Greenberg, Moshe; Sperling, S. David (). „Exodus, Book of.”. În Skolnik, Fred; Berenbaum, Michael; Thomson Gale (Firm). Encyclopaedia Judaica. 6. pp. 612–623. ISBN 978-0-02-866097-4. OCLC 123527471. Accesat în . Current scholarly consensus based on archaeology holds the enslavement and exodus traditions to be unhistorical. 

cjconroy.net

  • 20. Vezi și Archaeological Debate about a Proposed "Low Chronology" for Iron I-IIA [1] (sursa înregistrează articole pro și contra).

courses.biblicalarchaeology.org

doi.org

encyclopedia.com

  • 1. Greenberg, Moshe; Sperling, S. David (). „Exodus, Book of.”. În Skolnik, Fred; Berenbaum, Michael; Thomson Gale (Firm). Encyclopaedia Judaica. 6. pp. 612–623. ISBN 978-0-02-866097-4. OCLC 123527471. Accesat în . Current scholarly consensus based on archaeology holds the enslavement and exodus traditions to be unhistorical. 

fordham.edu

icarusfilms.com

jewishencyclopedia.com

  • 47. „Worms”. Jewish Encyclopedia. Accesat în . 

jpost.com

  • 33. Selig, Abe (). 'J'lem city wall dates back to King Solomon'. The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Accesat în . Nonetheless, other archeologists posit that the biblical narrative reflecting the existence of a powerful monarchy in Jerusalem is largely mythical and that there was no strong government to speak of in that era.

    Aren Maeir, an archeology professor at Bar Ilan University, said he has yet to see evidence that the fortifications are as old as Mazar claims. There are remains from the 10th century in Jerusalem, he said, but proof of a strong, centralized kingdom at that time remains "tenuous."
     

jstor.org

  • 2.
    „Históricamente, no podemos hablar más de un periodo de los Patriarcas, del Éxodo de los israelitas de Egipto, de la con quista de Canaán, de un periodo de los Jueces en Palestina, ni de una Monarquía Unida dominando desde el Éufrates hasta el Arco de Egipto.31 Incluso la historicidad del Exilio de los israelitas de Palestina hacia Babilonia como un evento único ha sido puesta en seria duda recientemente.32

    31 Cf. Th. L. Thompson, Early History of the Israelite People: From the Written and Archaeological Sources, Studies in the History of the Ancient Near East, 4, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1992, pp. 10-116, 146-158, 215-300, 401412; N. P. Lemche, "Early Israel Revisited", Currents in Research: Biblical Studies, vol. 4, 1996, pp. 9-34, y The Israelites in History and Tradition, Library of Ancient Israel, Louisville, wjk, 1998, pp. 35 85; I. Finkelstein y N. A. Silberman, The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology's New Vision on Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts, Nueva York, Free Press, 2001, pp. 27-96, 123-145. Vease tambien Liverani, Oltre la Bibbia. Storia antica di Israele, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2003, y Recenti tendenze nella ricostruzione della storia antica d'Israele, Roma, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, 2005.

    32 L. L. Grabbe (ed.), Leading Captivity Captive: "The Exile" as History and Ideology, Journal for the Study of the Old Testament - Supplement Series, 278/European Seminar in Historical Methodology, 2, Sheffield, Sheffield Academic Press, 1998.”
    —Emanuel Pfoh, UNA DECONSTRUCCIÓN DEL PASADO DE ISRAEL EN EL ANTIGUO ORIENTE: HACIA UNA NUEVA HISTORIA DE LA ANTIGUA PALESTINA, Estudios de Asia y África, Vol. 45, No. 3 (143) (SEPTIEMBRE-DICIEMBRE, 2010), pp.669-697, Published by: El Colegio De Mexico, Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25822403

jta.org

latimes.com

lib1.library.cornell.edu

nytimes.com

  • 35. Erlanger, Steven (). „King David's Palace IsFound, Archaeologist Says”. The New York Times. Accesat în . Amihai Mazar, a professor of archaeology at Hebrew University, calls the find "something of a miracle." He says he believes that the building may be the Fortress of Zion that David is said to have conquered, which he renamed the City of David. "What she found is fascinating, whatever it is," he said. 

pe.com

ruml.com

salon.com

  • 23. Miller, Laura (). „King David was a nebbish”. Salon. Accesat în . Herzog laid out many of the theories Finkelstein and Silberman present in their book: "the Israelites were never in Egypt, did not wander in the desert, did not conquer the land [of Canaan] in a military campaign and did not pass it on to the twelve tribes of Israel. Perhaps even harder to swallow is the fact that the united kingdom of David and Solomon, described in the Bible as a regional power, was at most a small tribal kingdom." The new theories envision this modest chiefdom as based in a Jerusalem that was essentially a cow town, not the glorious capital of an empire. Although, as Herzog notes, some of these findings have been accepted by the majority of biblical scholars and archaeologists for years and even decades, they are just now making a dent in the awareness of the Israeli public—a very painful dent. 

web.archive.org

york.ac.uk

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