duke.edu

Duke University is a private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. In 1924, tobacco and electric power industrialist James Buchanan Duke established The Duke Endowment and the institution changed its name to honor his deceased father, Washington Duke. More information...

Multilingual Wikipedia

In June 2020 the website duke.edu was on the 1,172nd place in the ranking of the most reliable and popular sources in multilingual Wikipedia from readers' point of view (PR-score). If we consider only frequency of appearance of this source in references of Wikipedia articles (F-score), this website was on the 1,468th place in June 2020. From Wikipedians' point of view, "duke.edu" is the 1,551st most reliable source in different language versions of Wikipedia (AR-score).

The website is placed before cosmopolitan.com and after adl.org in multilingual PR ranking of the most reliable sources in Wikipedia.

PR-score:
1,172nd place
31,306,036
-5,867,797
AR-score:
1,551st place
3,350,728
+25,004
F-score:
1,468th place
10,524
+80

English Wikipedia (en)

PR-score:
857th place
22,992,416
-3,322,636
AR-score:
908th place
2,391,893
+18,885
F-score:
804th place
5,978
+44

Spanish Wikipedia (es)

PR-score:
744th place
3,256,197
-1,246,255
AR-score:
1,764th place
164,365
+713
F-score:
1,513th place
475
+1

German Wikipedia (de)

PR-score:
2,068th place
900,253
-56,599
AR-score:
2,849th place
105,994
+387
F-score:
2,910th place
224
0

Russian Wikipedia (ru)

PR-score:
2,781st place
734,870
-262,764
AR-score:
2,971st place
67,254
+491
F-score:
2,164th place
349
0

French Wikipedia (fr)

PR-score:
2,605th place
504,944
-176,371
AR-score:
3,461st place
73,733
+391
F-score:
2,253rd place
371
+1

Chinese Wikipedia (zh)

PR-score:
2,184th place
464,113
-33,067
AR-score:
2,109th place
38,072
+144
F-score:
2,349th place
150
0

Portuguese Wikipedia (pt)

PR-score:
1,742nd place
425,886
-17,533
AR-score:
3,382nd place
29,953
+87
F-score:
1,851st place
226
+6

Japanese Wikipedia (ja)

PR-score:
4,221st place
381,373
-2,352
AR-score:
5,116th place
23,985
+340
F-score:
3,790th place
128
+5

Italian Wikipedia (it)

PR-score:
1,931st place
361,291
-289,365
AR-score:
2,775th place
59,269
+282
F-score:
2,344th place
180
+2

Korean Wikipedia (ko)

PR-score:
854th place
141,621
+523
AR-score:
773rd place
31,263
+157
F-score:
1,131st place
72
0

Arabic Wikipedia (ar)

PR-score:
1,677th place
125,087
-47,754
AR-score:
1,698th place
35,691
+457
F-score:
919th place
317
+3

Ukrainian Wikipedia (uk)

PR-score:
1,058th place
119,170
-51,201
AR-score:
1,836th place
18,667
+136
F-score:
2,006th place
107
0

Dutch Wikipedia (nl)

PR-score:
2,295th place
102,812
-16,106
AR-score:
2,412th place
21,626
+50
F-score:
2,387th place
37
0

Turkish Wikipedia (tr)

PR-score:
1,577th place
89,576
-17,036
AR-score:
1,871st place
17,720
+311
F-score:
1,203rd place
87
+4

Indonesian Wikipedia (id)

PR-score:
1,258th place
83,800
-5,765
AR-score:
2,402nd place
7,808
+94
F-score:
1,802nd place
72
+1

Polish Wikipedia (pl)

PR-score:
6,071st place
79,532
-63,876
AR-score:
5,659th place
14,407
+154
F-score:
3,654th place
99
+1

Greek Wikipedia (el)

PR-score:
1,051st place
56,135
-4,870
AR-score:
1,175th place
10,631
-13
F-score:
646th place
129
-1

Czech Wikipedia (cs)

PR-score:
3,402nd place
48,833
-29,302
AR-score:
3,203rd place
8,789
+214
F-score:
2,093rd place
60
0

Bulgarian Wikipedia (bg)

PR-score:
1,304th place
47,479
+13,264
AR-score:
2,597th place
5,364
+1
F-score:
2,030th place
25
0

Vietnamese Wikipedia (vi)

PR-score:
2,838th place
41,911
-10,609
AR-score:
1,398th place
14,872
+37
F-score:
1,198th place
132
0

Persian Wikipedia (fa)

PR-score:
2,917th place
36,429
-4,255
AR-score:
2,301st place
11,149
+240
F-score:
1,808th place
50
+5

Simple English Wikipedia (simple)

PR-score:
867th place
33,052
-9,975
AR-score:
573rd place
20,015
+57
F-score:
938th place
47
+1

Swedish Wikipedia (sv)

PR-score:
4,145th place
25,851
-14,586
AR-score:
2,746th place
16,705
0
F-score:
4,116th place
28
0

Hebrew Wikipedia (he)

PR-score:
2,839th place
20,113
-709
AR-score:
1,699th place
14,799
+152
F-score:
1,172nd place
48
0

Thai Wikipedia (th)

PR-score:
3,071st place
19,003
-11,184
AR-score:
1,667th place
6,937
+4
F-score:
1,480th place
35
0

Catalan Wikipedia (ca)

PR-score:
1,886th place
16,544
-17,976
AR-score:
1,389th place
21,156
+402
F-score:
904th place
179
0

Finnish Wikipedia (fi)

PR-score:
4,753rd place
16,443
-15,045
AR-score:
3,620th place
10,625
0
F-score:
2,869th place
61
0

Norwegian Wikipedia (no)

PR-score:
2,707th place
15,425
-9,347
AR-score:
3,495th place
8,082
+1
F-score:
2,279th place
40
0

Danish Wikipedia (da)

PR-score:
2,985th place
13,991
+1,290
AR-score:
3,344th place
4,544
0
F-score:
3,724th place
12
0

Hungarian Wikipedia (hu)

PR-score:
7,274th place
12,402
-10,914
AR-score:
6,146th place
3,913
-23
F-score:
3,802nd place
25
-1

Serbian Wikipedia (sr)

PR-score:
2,997th place
10,887
-37,082
AR-score:
2,459th place
5,159
0
F-score:
2,402nd place
28
0

Romanian Wikipedia (ro)

PR-score:
4,518th place
10,140
+555
AR-score:
5,861st place
2,004
+101
F-score:
2,567th place
28
+1

Macedonian Wikipedia (mk)

PR-score:
638th place
8,018
+80
AR-score:
1,990th place
1,429
+1
F-score:
689th place
37
0

Malay Wikipedia (ms)

PR-score:
1,997th place
6,767
-282
AR-score:
4,804th place
869
+33
F-score:
2,643rd place
16
0

Hindi Wikipedia (hi)

PR-score:
1,682nd place
6,058
-4,266
AR-score:
996th place
4,331
+251
F-score:
1,028th place
25
0

Bengali Wikipedia (bn)

PR-score:
1,321st place
5,979
-2,966
AR-score:
1,120th place
3,895
+30
F-score:
984th place
42
+2

Interlingua Wikipedia (ia)

PR-score:
52nd place
5,300
+3,100
AR-score:
56th place
3,500
+100
F-score:
701st place
1
0

Armenian Wikipedia (hy)

PR-score:
1,507th place
4,841
-6,063
AR-score:
1,733rd place
3,249
+110
F-score:
2,219th place
34
+1

Malayalam Wikipedia (ml)

PR-score:
771st place
4,639
-1,446
AR-score:
1,026th place
3,157
0
F-score:
633rd place
36
0

Tamil Wikipedia (ta)

PR-score:
1,504th place
3,923
-6,602
AR-score:
759th place
5,321
+3
F-score:
825th place
38
0

Slovenian Wikipedia (sl)

PR-score:
2,223rd place
3,879
-11,027
AR-score:
2,083rd place
1,683
0
F-score:
1,404th place
16
0

Afrikaans Wikipedia (af)

PR-score:
824th place
3,858
-1,596
AR-score:
1,849th place
1,282
+18
F-score:
907th place
16
0

Asturian Wikipedia (ast)

PR-score:
1,103rd place
3,814
-493
AR-score:
1,434th place
2,365
0
F-score:
1,250th place
44
0

Lithuanian Wikipedia (lt)

PR-score:
2,862nd place
3,716
-3,969
AR-score:
1,840th place
3,145
0
F-score:
1,826th place
9
0

Bosnian Wikipedia (bs)

PR-score:
1,792nd place
3,548
-6,102
AR-score:
812th place
4,097
+5
F-score:
1,284th place
12
0

Estonian Wikipedia (et)

PR-score:
2,398th place
3,481
-4,286
AR-score:
687th place
8,202
0
F-score:
1,588th place
25
0

Latin Wikipedia (la)

PR-score:
399th place
3,411
-3,099
AR-score:
316th place
5,921
0
F-score:
550th place
9
0

Croatian Wikipedia (hr)

PR-score:
6,339th place
3,405
-2,790
AR-score:
4,717th place
1,666
+49
F-score:
3,401st place
11
+1

Chuvash Wikipedia (cv)

PR-score:
122nd place
3,300
-800
AR-score:
317th place
1,200
0
F-score:
1,860th place
1
0

Azerbaijani Wikipedia (az)

PR-score:
2,118th place
3,170
-1,468
AR-score:
2,974th place
1,299
0
F-score:
4,208th place
7
0

Latvian Wikipedia (lv)

PR-score:
2,268th place
2,961
-7,363
AR-score:
1,356th place
3,475
0
F-score:
406th place
57
0

Swahili Wikipedia (sw)

PR-score:
315th place
2,920
-480
AR-score:
1,852nd place
229
+79
F-score:
1,457th place
3
+2

Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia (sh)

PR-score:
2,479th place
2,490
-6,869
AR-score:
3,205th place
891
0
F-score:
1,517th place
18
0

Esperanto Wikipedia (eo)

PR-score:
890th place
2,274
-436
AR-score:
832nd place
5,046
+2
F-score:
1,052nd place
16
0

Galician Wikipedia (gl)

PR-score:
1,723rd place
2,243
-1,656
AR-score:
3,077th place
2,030
+41
F-score:
1,254th place
31
0

Georgian Wikipedia (ka)

PR-score:
2,972nd place
2,143
-1,334
AR-score:
2,350th place
1,272
+20
F-score:
3,059th place
7
+1

Welsh Wikipedia (cy)

PR-score:
703rd place
2,062
-2,184
AR-score:
1,193rd place
1,324
0
F-score:
1,096th place
7
0

Albanian Wikipedia (sq)

PR-score:
1,533rd place
2,057
-2,641
AR-score:
2,587th place
529
0
F-score:
952nd place
14
0

Tagalog Wikipedia (tl)

PR-score:
1,069th place
1,777
+99
AR-score:
716th place
2,280
0
F-score:
2,308th place
5
0

Belarusian (Taraškievica) Wikipedia (be-x-old)

PR-score:
707th place
1,750
-25
AR-score:
1,343rd place
1,350
0
F-score:
5,856th place
1
0

Urdu Wikipedia (ur)

PR-score:
1,324th place
1,612
+751
AR-score:
9,333rd place
107
0
F-score:
7,464th place
2
0

Cantonese Wikipedia (zh-yue)

PR-score:
2,145th place
1,210
-6,499
AR-score:
1,773rd place
647
0
F-score:
447th place
16
0

Slovak Wikipedia (sk)

PR-score:
9,347th place
1,168
-687
AR-score:
6,946th place
769
0
F-score:
3,045th place
9
0

South Azerbaijani Wikipedia (azb)

PR-score:
862nd place
1,090
-1,746
AR-score:
5,409th place
145
0
F-score:
1,115th place
8
0

Punjabi Wikipedia (pa)

PR-score:
1,135th place
978
-2,077
AR-score:
1,689th place
443
0
F-score:
407th place
24
0

Kapampangan Wikipedia (pam)

PR-score:
255th place
900
+467
AR-score:
235th place
966
0
F-score:
976th place
1
0

Scots Wikipedia (sco)

PR-score:
2,586th place
863
-3,330
AR-score:
4,877th place
227
0
F-score:
874th place
15
0

Kazakh Wikipedia (kk)

PR-score:
2,291st place
600
-4,300
AR-score:
1,745th place
533
0
F-score:
3,917th place
1
0

Gujarati Wikipedia (gu)

PR-score:
961st place
600
+68
AR-score:
1,326th place
313
0
F-score:
1,046th place
6
0

Burmese Wikipedia (my)

PR-score:
1,542nd place
550
+150
AR-score:
3,925th place
50
0
F-score:
7,047th place
1
0

Manx Wikipedia (gv)

PR-score:
293rd place
525
+200
AR-score:
492nd place
275
0
F-score:
792nd place
1
0

Belarusian Wikipedia (be)

PR-score:
3,907th place
479
-205
AR-score:
2,766th place
912
0
F-score:
4,437th place
5
0

Icelandic Wikipedia (is)

PR-score:
1,455th place
472
-979
AR-score:
802nd place
1,105
0
F-score:
1,013th place
4
0

Xhosa Wikipedia (xh)

PR-score:
130th place
427
-136
AR-score:
324th place
18
0
F-score:
300th place
1
0

Scottish Gaelic Wikipedia (gd)

PR-score:
893rd place
400
+300
AR-score:
1,663rd place
200
0
F-score:
1,187th place
2
0

Haitian Wikipedia (ht)

PR-score:
394th place
333
-2,400
AR-score:
369th place
266
0
F-score:
808th place
2
0

Kannada Wikipedia (kn)

PR-score:
2,755th place
319
-23
AR-score:
3,094th place
249
+2
F-score:
1,683rd place
8
0

Telugu Wikipedia (te)

PR-score:
3,990th place
248
-29
AR-score:
4,637th place
216
0
F-score:
2,981st place
4
0

Egyptian Arabic Wikipedia (arz)

PR-score:
2,312th place
233
-50
AR-score:
3,052nd place
116
0
F-score:
2,084th place
2
0

Bashkir Wikipedia (ba)

PR-score:
3,256th place
222
-127
AR-score:
1,428th place
402
0
F-score:
501st place
19
0

Sardinian Wikipedia (sc)

PR-score:
403rd place
218
-127
AR-score:
594th place
27
0
F-score:
793rd place
1
0

Western Armenian Wikipedia (hyw)

PR-score:
1,374th place
214
-107
AR-score:
1,275th place
307
0
F-score:
2,295th place
2
0

Basque Wikipedia (eu)

PR-score:
8,774th place
174
-120
AR-score:
17,015th place
45
+1
F-score:
5,463rd place
3
0

Javanese Wikipedia (jv)

PR-score:
3,484th place
173
-12
AR-score:
5,979th place
174
0
F-score:
5,906th place
2
0

Low Saxon Wikipedia (nds)

PR-score:
2,132nd place
160
-40
AR-score:
2,831st place
80
0
F-score:
1,672nd place
2
0

Tajik Wikipedia (tg)

PR-score:
1,497th place
100
-366
AR-score:
1,204th place
100
0
F-score:
2,082nd place
1
0

Sundanese Wikipedia (su)

PR-score:
2,913th place
90
-91
AR-score:
1,603rd place
263
0
F-score:
3,038th place
1
0

Wu Wikipedia (wuu)

PR-score:
974th place
61
-139
AR-score:
774th place
61
0
F-score:
675th place
1
0

Central Bicolano Wikipedia (bcl)

PR-score:
1,834th place
60
-5
AR-score:
2,151st place
25
0
F-score:
164th place
29
0

Sinhalese Wikipedia (si)

PR-score:
4,054th place
44
-5
AR-score:
5,230th place
9
0
F-score:
2,935th place
2
0

Ilokano Wikipedia (ilo)

PR-score:
3,289th place
40
+20
AR-score:
3,374th place
20
0
F-score:
3,062nd place
1
0

Oriya Wikipedia (or)

PR-score:
4,202nd place
27
-191
AR-score:
3,553rd place
54
0
F-score:
1,538th place
3
0

Norwegian (Nynorsk) Wikipedia (nn)

PR-score:
14,374th place
25
-25
AR-score:
15,626th place
28
0
F-score:
8,183rd place
2
0

Khmer Wikipedia (km)

PR-score:
2,347th place
11
-44
AR-score:
1,346th place
22
0
F-score:
1,428th place
1
0

Assamese Wikipedia (as)

PR-score:
6,320th place
4
-7
AR-score:
5,771st place
11
+3
F-score:
2,793rd place
2
0

Irish Wikipedia (ga)

PR-score:
3,951st place
2
-9
AR-score:
3,972nd place
2
0
F-score:
3,229th place
1
0

Bhojpuri Wikipedia (bh)

PR-score:
2,893rd place
1
-3
AR-score:
2,748th place
1
0
F-score:
1,859th place
1
0

Marathi Wikipedia (mr)

PR-score:
6,652nd place
1
-2
AR-score:
6,403rd place
12
0
F-score:
3,748th place
1
0

BestRef shows popularity and reliability scores for sources in references of Wikipedia articles in different languages. Data extraction based on complex method using Wikimedia dumps. To find the most popular and reliable sources we used information about over 200 million references of Wikipedia articles. More details...