handle.net

The Handle System is the Corporation for National Research Initiatives's proprietary registry assigning persistent identifiers, or handles, to information resources, and for resolving "those handles into the information necessary to locate, access, and otherwise make use of the resources". More information...

Multilingual Wikipedia

In June 2020 the website handle.net was on the 842nd place in the ranking of the most reliable and popular sources in multilingual Wikipedia from readers' point of view (PR-score). If we consider only frequency of appearance of this source in references of Wikipedia articles (F-score), this website was on the 427th place in June 2020. From Wikipedians' point of view, "handle.net" is the 938th most reliable source in different language versions of Wikipedia (AR-score).

The website is placed before stereogum.com and after bundestag.de in multilingual PR ranking of the most reliable sources in Wikipedia.

PR-score:
842nd place
44,096,852
-6,827,874
AR-score:
938th place
5,466,850
+192,834
F-score:
427th place
33,322
+915

Japanese Wikipedia (ja)

PR-score:
134th place
16,759,572
-39,561
AR-score:
183rd place
944,611
+36,706
F-score:
138th place
4,440
+198

English Wikipedia (en)

PR-score:
1,325th place
14,370,648
-4,204,944
AR-score:
1,013th place
2,118,122
+100,342
F-score:
277th place
15,078
+277

Spanish Wikipedia (es)

PR-score:
725th place
3,348,474
-1,046,511
AR-score:
789th place
381,070
-12,347
F-score:
475th place
1,562
+11

German Wikipedia (de)

PR-score:
886th place
2,303,318
-265,281
AR-score:
886th place
379,347
+23,114
F-score:
651st place
1,065
+36

Chinese Wikipedia (zh)

PR-score:
888th place
1,328,446
+145,621
AR-score:
1,002nd place
88,376
+1,931
F-score:
669th place
607
+16

French Wikipedia (fr)

PR-score:
1,113th place
1,307,718
-267,176
AR-score:
1,158th place
256,061
+8,297
F-score:
876th place
999
+8

Portuguese Wikipedia (pt)

PR-score:
824th place
896,072
-51,780
AR-score:
1,259th place
91,687
+1,636
F-score:
943rd place
498
+10

Dutch Wikipedia (nl)

PR-score:
350th place
736,940
-77,965
AR-score:
356th place
187,802
+1,138
F-score:
193rd place
640
+7

Russian Wikipedia (ru)

PR-score:
3,232nd place
620,315
-134,344
AR-score:
2,944th place
67,993
+1,236
F-score:
771st place
994
+17

Polish Wikipedia (pl)

PR-score:
1,267th place
439,814
-171,885
AR-score:
1,028th place
99,873
+91
F-score:
675th place
726
+1

Catalan Wikipedia (ca)

PR-score:
147th place
256,393
-173,278
AR-score:
238th place
156,830
+2,638
F-score:
137th place
1,248
+5

Italian Wikipedia (it)

PR-score:
2,805th place
244,868
-86,601
AR-score:
1,868th place
90,587
+12,598
F-score:
1,148th place
378
+45

Arabic Wikipedia (ar)

PR-score:
1,221st place
173,932
-32,323
AR-score:
1,473rd place
42,393
+148
F-score:
1,186th place
241
0

Swedish Wikipedia (sv)

PR-score:
931st place
135,012
-52,726
AR-score:
1,223rd place
41,683
-1,067
F-score:
1,394th place
106
+1

Greek Wikipedia (el)

PR-score:
541st place
110,465
-52,713
AR-score:
775th place
16,025
+555
F-score:
548th place
152
+1

Korean Wikipedia (ko)

PR-score:
1,186th place
98,473
-10,489
AR-score:
1,152nd place
19,454
+158
F-score:
329th place
272
+17

Finnish Wikipedia (fi)

PR-score:
975th place
97,970
-27,676
AR-score:
1,663rd place
26,512
+566
F-score:
1,478th place
134
+2

Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia (sh)

PR-score:
86th place
94,712
-52,302
AR-score:
70th place
41,054
+1,252
F-score:
84th place
351
+13

Norwegian Wikipedia (no)

PR-score:
530th place
89,726
-19,666
AR-score:
794th place
40,258
+2,172
F-score:
458th place
236
+2

Indonesian Wikipedia (id)

PR-score:
1,233rd place
85,560
+5,709
AR-score:
1,279th place
14,921
+497
F-score:
580th place
244
+9

Vietnamese Wikipedia (vi)

PR-score:
1,613th place
79,435
-9,417
AR-score:
896th place
24,315
+468
F-score:
1,144th place
140
+9

Serbian Wikipedia (sr)

PR-score:
510th place
73,113
-80,940
AR-score:
1,002nd place
12,953
+16
F-score:
656th place
115
0

Welsh Wikipedia (cy)

PR-score:
46th place
61,336
+30,605
AR-score:
51st place
49,445
+1,065
F-score:
30th place
1,067
+71

Czech Wikipedia (cs)

PR-score:
4,173rd place
38,349
-49,848
AR-score:
3,760th place
7,504
+265
F-score:
1,406th place
93
+2

Estonian Wikipedia (et)

PR-score:
320th place
32,472
-6,652
AR-score:
87th place
81,028
+525
F-score:
230th place
182
0

Bulgarian Wikipedia (bg)

PR-score:
2,156th place
27,205
+10,301
AR-score:
928th place
15,420
+6,835
F-score:
275th place
200
+136

Ukrainian Wikipedia (uk)

PR-score:
4,315th place
26,458
-51,998
AR-score:
4,012th place
7,938
+86
F-score:
1,238th place
177
0

Hindi Wikipedia (hi)

PR-score:
468th place
23,663
+242
AR-score:
427th place
9,768
+494
F-score:
784th place
32
0

Galician Wikipedia (gl)

PR-score:
219th place
21,093
-7,259
AR-score:
276th place
22,762
+175
F-score:
281st place
151
+3

Hungarian Wikipedia (hu)

PR-score:
4,873rd place
20,324
-8,662
AR-score:
2,154th place
11,779
+2
F-score:
810th place
138
0

Malay Wikipedia (ms)

PR-score:
838th place
18,567
+671
AR-score:
974th place
4,484
0
F-score:
1,382nd place
31
0

Thai Wikipedia (th)

PR-score:
3,326th place
17,176
-7,480
AR-score:
3,534th place
3,089
0
F-score:
1,760th place
28
0

Danish Wikipedia (da)

PR-score:
2,512th place
16,875
+2,357
AR-score:
1,792nd place
8,318
+416
F-score:
901st place
57
+4

Turkish Wikipedia (tr)

PR-score:
7,636th place
15,209
-3,037
AR-score:
5,326th place
5,928
+146
F-score:
1,532nd place
65
+3

Hebrew Wikipedia (he)

PR-score:
3,757th place
14,399
+1,144
AR-score:
4,228th place
5,784
+116
F-score:
3,321st place
14
+2

Persian Wikipedia (fa)

PR-score:
7,145th place
12,888
-1,905
AR-score:
6,190th place
3,946
+33
F-score:
1,844th place
48
0

Tamil Wikipedia (ta)

PR-score:
596th place
10,266
-1,595
AR-score:
459th place
8,291
+2
F-score:
828th place
37
0

Afrikaans Wikipedia (af)

PR-score:
456th place
7,123
+409
AR-score:
444th place
5,184
+67
F-score:
417th place
35
0

Bengali Wikipedia (bn)

PR-score:
1,201st place
6,553
+721
AR-score:
1,094th place
4,008
+59
F-score:
1,162nd place
35
+1

Simple English Wikipedia (simple)

PR-score:
4,758th place
4,593
-1,037
AR-score:
1,013th place
12,315
+22
F-score:
1,137th place
38
0

Romanian Wikipedia (ro)

PR-score:
8,794th place
4,297
-573
AR-score:
14,742nd place
612
+15
F-score:
3,690th place
18
+1

Oriya Wikipedia (or)

PR-score:
138th place
4,071
+1,946
AR-score:
517th place
706
0
F-score:
769th place
6
0

Latin Wikipedia (la)

PR-score:
348th place
4,009
+1,670
AR-score:
446th place
4,411
0
F-score:
825th place
5
0

Asturian Wikipedia (ast)

PR-score:
1,108th place
3,783
-476
AR-score:
1,315th place
2,629
-1
F-score:
838th place
65
0

Punjabi Wikipedia (pa)

PR-score:
339th place
3,476
-1,413
AR-score:
639th place
1,118
0
F-score:
731st place
13
0

Telugu Wikipedia (te)

PR-score:
604th place
3,415
-1,419
AR-score:
540th place
2,982
0
F-score:
625th place
18
0

Burmese Wikipedia (my)

PR-score:
332nd place
3,268
-260
AR-score:
200th place
2,324
0
F-score:
531st place
9
0

Icelandic Wikipedia (is)

PR-score:
380th place
3,100
-4,978
AR-score:
745th place
1,263
0
F-score:
75th place
55
0

Slovenian Wikipedia (sl)

PR-score:
2,651st place
3,088
-2,518
AR-score:
2,680th place
1,223
0
F-score:
727th place
31
0

Croatian Wikipedia (hr)

PR-score:
7,072nd place
2,833
-1,671
AR-score:
4,230th place
1,897
+12
F-score:
649th place
62
+2

Urdu Wikipedia (ur)

PR-score:
826th place
2,793
+1,155
AR-score:
2,050th place
953
0
F-score:
1,170th place
11
0

Basque Wikipedia (eu)

PR-score:
1,400th place
2,680
-3,444
AR-score:
874th place
4,349
0
F-score:
472nd place
39
0

Luxembourgish Wikipedia (lb)

PR-score:
277th place
2,275
+1,575
AR-score:
701st place
1,425
+25
F-score:
654th place
4
0

Esperanto Wikipedia (eo)

PR-score:
970th place
2,111
-1,408
AR-score:
384th place
9,832
+8
F-score:
458th place
33
+1

Gujarati Wikipedia (gu)

PR-score:
360th place
2,047
-796
AR-score:
337th place
1,548
+40
F-score:
303rd place
18
0

Assamese Wikipedia (as)

PR-score:
330th place
2,027
-1,623
AR-score:
285th place
1,143
+191
F-score:
365th place
13
0

Malayalam Wikipedia (ml)

PR-score:
1,873rd place
1,799
-521
AR-score:
1,885th place
1,648
+8
F-score:
553rd place
41
+1

Armenian Wikipedia (hy)

PR-score:
3,829th place
1,708
-972
AR-score:
2,327th place
2,383
+31
F-score:
1,983rd place
38
0

Maltese Wikipedia (mt)

PR-score:
155th place
1,540
-180
AR-score:
344th place
480
0
F-score:
841st place
1
0

Scots Wikipedia (sco)

PR-score:
1,692nd place
1,382
-672
AR-score:
1,909th place
697
+15
F-score:
1,468th place
8
+1

Latvian Wikipedia (lv)

PR-score:
4,097th place
1,336
-2,567
AR-score:
3,908th place
1,045
+17
F-score:
3,525th place
5
0

Ilokano Wikipedia (ilo)

PR-score:
536th place
1,079
-841
AR-score:
732nd place
375
0
F-score:
223rd place
11
0

Uzbek Wikipedia (uz)

PR-score:
1,145th place
950
-250
AR-score:
1,198th place
450
0
F-score:
3,463rd place
1
0

Sardinian Wikipedia (sc)

PR-score:
152nd place
888
-4,150
AR-score:
117th place
372
0
F-score:
190th place
3
0

Slovak Wikipedia (sk)

PR-score:
11,088th place
811
-980
AR-score:
7,946th place
616
0
F-score:
2,316th place
12
0

Tagalog Wikipedia (tl)

PR-score:
2,101st place
786
+298
AR-score:
3,143rd place
411
+2
F-score:
1,208th place
9
+1

Nepali Wikipedia (ne)

PR-score:
1,143rd place
716
-302
AR-score:
633rd place
1,102
0
F-score:
2,339th place
2
0

Bosnian Wikipedia (bs)

PR-score:
5,515th place
673
-1,236
AR-score:
8,554th place
141
0
F-score:
1,881st place
7
0

Xhosa Wikipedia (xh)

PR-score:
96th place
650
+200
AR-score:
28th place
600
0
F-score:
130th place
1
0

Bhojpuri Wikipedia (bh)

PR-score:
756th place
646
-15
AR-score:
1,855th place
30
0
F-score:
750th place
2
0

Macedonian Wikipedia (mk)

PR-score:
4,883rd place
617
-3
AR-score:
9,050th place
198
+10
F-score:
3,588th place
6
0

Norwegian (Nynorsk) Wikipedia (nn)

PR-score:
2,498th place
566
-529
AR-score:
2,353rd place
1,169
0
F-score:
1,136th place
13
0

Albanian Wikipedia (sq)

PR-score:
3,668th place
556
-113
AR-score:
3,344th place
391
0
F-score:
1,161st place
11
0

Kannada Wikipedia (kn)

PR-score:
1,971st place
517
-25
AR-score:
1,986th place
407
0
F-score:
926th place
14
0

Kapampangan Wikipedia (pam)

PR-score:
410th place
500
0
AR-score:
943rd place
100
0
F-score:
1,631st place
1
0

Marathi Wikipedia (mr)

PR-score:
1,760th place
472
-130
AR-score:
2,096th place
388
0
F-score:
1,047th place
4
0

Javanese Wikipedia (jv)

PR-score:
1,922nd place
408
+137
AR-score:
5,013th place
234
+12
F-score:
2,181st place
6
+1

Lithuanian Wikipedia (lt)

PR-score:
9,956th place
385
-195
AR-score:
4,269th place
1,265
0
F-score:
4,732nd place
3
0

Min Nan Wikipedia (zh-min-nan)

PR-score:
474th place
360
-99
AR-score:
179th place
1,140
0
F-score:
291st place
2
0

Belarusian Wikipedia (be)

PR-score:
5,007th place
322
-60
AR-score:
5,355th place
400
0
F-score:
3,277th place
6
0

Alemannic Wikipedia (als)

PR-score:
2,185th place
250
-50
AR-score:
2,864th place
150
0
F-score:
4,113th place
1
0

Georgian Wikipedia (ka)

PR-score:
10,537th place
221
-249
AR-score:
8,951st place
183
0
F-score:
4,582nd place
4
0

Occitan Wikipedia (oc)

PR-score:
1,784th place
200
-400
AR-score:
2,790th place
150
0
F-score:
6,144th place
1
0

Egyptian Arabic Wikipedia (arz)

PR-score:
2,663rd place
170
+40
AR-score:
2,145th place
200
0
F-score:
1,657th place
2
0

West Frisian Wikipedia (fy)

PR-score:
1,266th place
166
+50
AR-score:
889th place
550
0
F-score:
764th place
2
0

Azerbaijani Wikipedia (az)

PR-score:
13,612th place
148
+32
AR-score:
19,746th place
60
0
F-score:
6,324th place
4
0

Belarusian (Taraškievica) Wikipedia (be-x-old)

PR-score:
4,454th place
137
+10
AR-score:
5,974th place
182
0
F-score:
3,584th place
2
0

Yoruba Wikipedia (yo)

PR-score:
1,546th place
125
-19
AR-score:
542nd place
850
0
F-score:
171st place
9
0

South Azerbaijani Wikipedia (azb)

PR-score:
4,456th place
114
0
AR-score:
2,928th place
228
0
F-score:
4,807th place
2
0

Lao Wikipedia (lo)

PR-score:
484th place
100
+43
AR-score:
552nd place
42
0
F-score:
331st place
2
0

Maithili Wikipedia (mai)

PR-score:
1,614th place
87
-213
AR-score:
1,778th place
50
0
F-score:
1,116th place
2
0

Central Bicolano Wikipedia (bcl)

PR-score:
1,606th place
87
-99
AR-score:
962nd place
112
0
F-score:
964th place
3
0

Chuvash Wikipedia (cv)

PR-score:
1,557th place
75
+50
AR-score:
2,364th place
50
0
F-score:
2,894th place
1
0

Western Punjabi Wikipedia (pnb)

PR-score:
2,578th place
74
0
AR-score:
2,179th place
74
0
F-score:
1,132nd place
5
0

Sorani Wikipedia (ckb)

PR-score:
3,282nd place
66
-23
AR-score:
2,923rd place
97
0
F-score:
1,422nd place
2
0

Irish Wikipedia (ga)

PR-score:
2,305th place
50
0
AR-score:
2,666th place
50
0
F-score:
3,198th place
1
0

Swahili Wikipedia (sw)

PR-score:
4,156th place
50
0
AR-score:
3,072nd place
100
0
F-score:
6,101st place
1
0

Goan Konkani Wikipedia (gom)

PR-score:
207th place
42
0
AR-score:
310th place
2
0
F-score:
124th place
2
0

Sinhalese Wikipedia (si)

PR-score:
4,080th place
42
0
AR-score:
3,119th place
42
0
F-score:
1,583rd place
3
0

Bashkir Wikipedia (ba)

PR-score:
8,503rd place
41
-15
AR-score:
13,362nd place
10
0
F-score:
10,348th place
1
0

Aragonese Wikipedia (an)

PR-score:
2,798th place
32
-14
AR-score:
2,789th place
46
0
F-score:
768th place
3
0

Shan Wikipedia (shn)

PR-score:
540th place
30
-149
AR-score:
216th place
30
0
F-score:
78th place
3
0

Tatar Wikipedia (tt)

PR-score:
6,131st place
25
0
AR-score:
3,614th place
125
0
F-score:
7,107th place
1
0

Kazakh Wikipedia (kk)

PR-score:
8,113th place
11
-136
AR-score:
6,263rd place
41
0
F-score:
2,483rd place
2
0

Mirandese Wikipedia (mwl)

PR-score:
2,045th place
3
-22
AR-score:
1,753rd place
9
0
F-score:
556th place
2
0

BestRef shows popularity and reliability scores for sources in references of Wikipedia articles in different languages. Data extraction based on complex method using Wikimedia dumps. To find the most popular and reliable sources we used information about over 200 million references of Wikipedia articles. More details...