The National Optics Institute (INO) is a Quebec City-based private non-profit corporation founded in 1988. INO is a technological design and development firm that deals in optics and photonics for SMEs and large corporations in Canada and around the world. INO has 147 patents granted. In addition, over 103 other patent applications have been submitted and are awaiting approval. INO was recognized as a Centre of Excellence and Innovation by the Canadian government. INO was officially created in 1985 at the instigation of the Université Laval, which, at the time, accounted for half of Canada's researchers in optics/photonics, as well as the Canadian Association of Physicists, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and various partners in the Quebec City area. Its function is to be a centre of expertise in optics and photonics and to assist companies in acquiring a competitive edge and developing their business. INO aims to generate at least one spinoff company every year out of its scientific and technological research. The company has offices in Quebec City, Montreal, Hamilton and Edmonton. More information...

The website is placed before and after in the BestRef global ranking of the most important sources of Wikipedia.

PR-model F-model AR-model
290,161st place
256,756th place
327,797th place
177,271st place
198,783rd place
204,600th place
137,455th place
206,465th place
356,103rd place
197,822nd place
56,492nd place
113,628th place
58,379th place
91,742nd place
117,956th place
125,618th place
157,060th place
212,756th place
116,775th place
80,106th place
69,717th place
254,715th place
183,963rd place
209,537th place
172,849th place
131,700th place
160,120th place