princeton.edu

Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey. Founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey, Princeton is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution. The institution moved to Newark in 1747, then to the current site nine years later. It was renamed to Princeton University in 1896. More information...

Multilingual Wikipedia

In June 2020 the website princeton.edu was on the 478th place in the ranking of the most reliable and popular sources in multilingual Wikipedia from readers' point of view (PR-score). If we consider only frequency of appearance of this source in references of Wikipedia articles (F-score), this website was on the 682nd place in June 2020. From Wikipedians' point of view, "princeton.edu" is the 575th most reliable source in different language versions of Wikipedia (AR-score).

The website is placed before thefreelibrary.com and after usnews.com in multilingual PR ranking of the most reliable sources in Wikipedia.

PR-score:
478th place
75,773,849
-9,242,761
AR-score:
575th place
8,320,830
+280,823
F-score:
682nd place
21,578
+449

English Wikipedia (en)

PR-score:
375th place
53,961,916
-5,749,741
AR-score:
399th place
5,153,303
+270,071
F-score:
428th place
10,652
+360

German Wikipedia (de)

PR-score:
602nd place
3,398,851
-109,396
AR-score:
435th place
757,872
-5,035
F-score:
750th place
914
-1

Spanish Wikipedia (es)

PR-score:
834th place
2,899,350
-566,582
AR-score:
1,455th place
205,527
+4,520
F-score:
1,115th place
658
+6

Russian Wikipedia (ru)

PR-score:
837th place
2,483,938
-544,916
AR-score:
1,154th place
184,746
+1,637
F-score:
1,007th place
771
+8

Japanese Wikipedia (ja)

PR-score:
902nd place
2,054,600
-13,080
AR-score:
1,597th place
89,400
-365
F-score:
1,761st place
312
+5

Chinese Wikipedia (zh)

PR-score:
651st place
1,892,252
-92,263
AR-score:
868th place
103,723
+374
F-score:
920th place
439
+1

Portuguese Wikipedia (pt)

PR-score:
476th place
1,620,616
-5,582
AR-score:
821st place
143,319
-511
F-score:
1,081st place
427
+17

French Wikipedia (fr)

PR-score:
990th place
1,509,632
-393,151
AR-score:
1,017th place
291,119
-1,913
F-score:
964th place
915
+6

Italian Wikipedia (it)

PR-score:
1,109th place
666,355
-313,858
AR-score:
1,340th place
127,218
-2,044
F-score:
1,077th place
406
-2

Arabic Wikipedia (ar)

PR-score:
421st place
547,790
-76,294
AR-score:
558th place
128,594
+367
F-score:
441st place
688
+6

Turkish Wikipedia (tr)

PR-score:
324th place
468,494
-124,475
AR-score:
605th place
54,356
+5,912
F-score:
706th place
156
+4

Hebrew Wikipedia (he)

PR-score:
198th place
378,289
+8,335
AR-score:
324th place
84,131
+504
F-score:
688th place
86
+1

Vietnamese Wikipedia (vi)

PR-score:
397th place
368,521
-80,538
AR-score:
667th place
34,055
+438
F-score:
716th place
235
+6

Polish Wikipedia (pl)

PR-score:
1,754th place
315,276
-48,139
AR-score:
1,961st place
48,255
-373
F-score:
1,683rd place
248
+3

Persian Wikipedia (fa)

PR-score:
391st place
301,209
-37,080
AR-score:
418th place
68,881
+549
F-score:
512th place
198
+2

Korean Wikipedia (ko)

PR-score:
429th place
294,371
+4,193
AR-score:
598th place
42,831
+59
F-score:
512th place
174
+1

Indonesian Wikipedia (id)

PR-score:
456th place
233,805
+8,709
AR-score:
570th place
32,636
+244
F-score:
433rd place
321
+4

Czech Wikipedia (cs)

PR-score:
772nd place
232,699
-43,411
AR-score:
890th place
35,143
+1,088
F-score:
985th place
137
0

Dutch Wikipedia (nl)

PR-score:
1,533rd place
160,116
-32,122
AR-score:
1,576th place
34,627
+31
F-score:
1,264th place
78
0

Thai Wikipedia (th)

PR-score:
465th place
156,191
-16,985
AR-score:
451st place
28,063
-27
F-score:
826th place
67
0

Finnish Wikipedia (fi)

PR-score:
646th place
154,127
-115,632
AR-score:
1,099th place
42,471
-249
F-score:
1,220th place
166
0

Bulgarian Wikipedia (bg)

PR-score:
428th place
153,848
-23,290
AR-score:
509th place
30,766
+216
F-score:
811th place
66
0

Romanian Wikipedia (ro)

PR-score:
395th place
132,414
-112,188
AR-score:
581st place
20,645
+182
F-score:
926th place
85
0

Hungarian Wikipedia (hu)

PR-score:
1,004th place
120,009
-97,150
AR-score:
1,025th place
25,243
+216
F-score:
1,416th place
75
+3

Ukrainian Wikipedia (uk)

PR-score:
1,082nd place
117,201
-123,467
AR-score:
993rd place
34,902
+486
F-score:
1,050th place
213
+2

Slovak Wikipedia (sk)

PR-score:
287th place
111,094
+9,473
AR-score:
620th place
10,654
+524
F-score:
1,120th place
26
+1

Greek Wikipedia (el)

PR-score:
683rd place
85,837
-6,882
AR-score:
726th place
17,229
+85
F-score:
812th place
99
0

Catalan Wikipedia (ca)

PR-score:
450th place
74,874
-136,315
AR-score:
659th place
46,936
+537
F-score:
692nd place
236
+2

Simple English Wikipedia (simple)

PR-score:
411th place
70,566
-21,096
AR-score:
401st place
27,858
+387
F-score:
492nd place
87
0

Malay Wikipedia (ms)

PR-score:
236th place
67,159
-5,637
AR-score:
457th place
10,036
+170
F-score:
586th place
82
0

Serbian Wikipedia (sr)

PR-score:
605th place
60,860
-82,687
AR-score:
601st place
21,954
+224
F-score:
534th place
142
+4

Swedish Wikipedia (sv)

PR-score:
2,032nd place
56,918
-44,025
AR-score:
1,285th place
39,251
+30
F-score:
877th place
180
+1

Danish Wikipedia (da)

PR-score:
872nd place
51,981
-13,909
AR-score:
737th place
20,371
+9
F-score:
975th place
53
0

Georgian Wikipedia (ka)

PR-score:
193rd place
48,049
-11,351
AR-score:
592nd place
4,886
+308
F-score:
541st place
47
+3

Norwegian Wikipedia (no)

PR-score:
1,093rd place
41,812
-49,896
AR-score:
808th place
39,667
-13
F-score:
966th place
113
0

Estonian Wikipedia (et)

PR-score:
285th place
37,158
-13,820
AR-score:
260th place
23,257
+84
F-score:
318th place
130
+2

Bengali Wikipedia (bn)

PR-score:
274th place
32,664
-635
AR-score:
258th place
18,138
+72
F-score:
431st place
108
+1

Scots Wikipedia (sco)

PR-score:
73rd place
28,916
-7,879
AR-score:
361st place
3,409
+7
F-score:
517th place
24
0

Hindi Wikipedia (hi)

PR-score:
379th place
28,743
-4,063
AR-score:
345th place
12,522
+1,103
F-score:
426th place
59
0

Tagalog Wikipedia (tl)

PR-score:
115th place
21,523
-6,656
AR-score:
195th place
8,135
+2
F-score:
405th place
29
+1

Azerbaijani Wikipedia (az)

PR-score:
390th place
21,278
-11,937
AR-score:
137th place
36,332
+1
F-score:
108th place
323
0

Sanskrit Wikipedia (sa)

PR-score:
11th place
18,320
-710
AR-score:
160th place
940
0
F-score:
463rd place
2
0

Armenian Wikipedia (hy)

PR-score:
466th place
16,940
-9,032
AR-score:
344th place
18,242
+174
F-score:
501st place
167
-7

Tamil Wikipedia (ta)

PR-score:
369th place
16,562
-5,030
AR-score:
337th place
11,530
+103
F-score:
406th place
85
+1

Macedonian Wikipedia (mk)

PR-score:
327th place
16,015
-18,587
AR-score:
514th place
5,210
-13
F-score:
334th place
73
0

Afrikaans Wikipedia (af)

PR-score:
206th place
15,252
-2,523
AR-score:
399th place
5,806
+200
F-score:
299th place
49
+1

Malayalam Wikipedia (ml)

PR-score:
241st place
15,180
-1,541
AR-score:
280th place
10,345
+26
F-score:
437th place
55
+1

Croatian Wikipedia (hr)

PR-score:
2,381st place
13,616
-12,047
AR-score:
1,396th place
6,123
0
F-score:
1,239th place
32
0

Albanian Wikipedia (sq)

PR-score:
375th place
11,124
-6,819
AR-score:
428th place
4,419
+108
F-score:
581st place
23
+3

Bosnian Wikipedia (bs)

PR-score:
733rd place
10,306
-8,365
AR-score:
711th place
4,504
+4
F-score:
617th place
25
0

Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia (sh)

PR-score:
719th place
9,681
-5,389
AR-score:
465th place
6,046
0
F-score:
524th place
55
0

Punjabi Wikipedia (pa)

PR-score:
136th place
8,604
-1,552
AR-score:
199th place
3,670
0
F-score:
212th place
45
0

Cantonese Wikipedia (zh-yue)

PR-score:
526th place
8,309
-4,242
AR-score:
1,336th place
935
+1
F-score:
1,055th place
7
0

Esperanto Wikipedia (eo)

PR-score:
243rd place
7,867
-5,112
AR-score:
196th place
17,986
0
F-score:
302nd place
51
0

Latin Wikipedia (la)

PR-score:
201st place
7,077
-810
AR-score:
406th place
4,852
0
F-score:
293rd place
19
0

Asturian Wikipedia (ast)

PR-score:
620th place
6,895
-1,048
AR-score:
711th place
5,077
+15
F-score:
673rd place
84
0

Latvian Wikipedia (lv)

PR-score:
1,124th place
6,894
-8,104
AR-score:
1,103rd place
4,118
0
F-score:
798th place
28
0

Slovenian Wikipedia (sl)

PR-score:
1,409th place
6,437
-4,192
AR-score:
769th place
4,415
+17
F-score:
457th place
51
0

Marathi Wikipedia (mr)

PR-score:
252nd place
6,209
-1,088
AR-score:
455th place
2,404
+9
F-score:
378th place
11
0

Lithuanian Wikipedia (lt)

PR-score:
2,061st place
5,736
-3,120
AR-score:
4,886th place
1,044
0
F-score:
1,820th place
9
0

Manx Wikipedia (gv)

PR-score:
42nd place
5,580
-2,432
AR-score:
66th place
2,446
0
F-score:
329th place
2
0

Lao Wikipedia (lo)

PR-score:
30th place
5,500
+900
AR-score:
245th place
200
0
F-score:
500th place
1
0

Welsh Wikipedia (cy)

PR-score:
325th place
5,246
-183
AR-score:
511th place
3,180
0
F-score:
521st place
15
0

Galician Wikipedia (gl)

PR-score:
826th place
5,126
-25,008
AR-score:
1,736th place
3,532
-62
F-score:
720th place
56
0

Icelandic Wikipedia (is)

PR-score:
242nd place
5,112
+624
AR-score:
179th place
5,219
0
F-score:
225th place
17
0

Ilokano Wikipedia (ilo)

PR-score:
114th place
5,078
+263
AR-score:
411th place
633
0
F-score:
426th place
6
0

Burmese Wikipedia (my)

PR-score:
229th place
4,892
+740
AR-score:
612th place
892
+2
F-score:
349th place
15
0

Yoruba Wikipedia (yo)

PR-score:
89th place
4,698
-955
AR-score:
60th place
4,952
0
F-score:
187th place
9
0

Belarusian Wikipedia (be)

PR-score:
569th place
4,506
-1,326
AR-score:
435th place
5,986
+117
F-score:
1,033rd place
23
0

South Azerbaijani Wikipedia (azb)

PR-score:
222nd place
4,415
-325
AR-score:
491st place
1,298
0
F-score:
969th place
9
0

Yiddish Wikipedia (yi)

PR-score:
85th place
4,001
+401
AR-score:
190th place
1,431
0
F-score:
287th place
2
0

Anglo-Saxon Wikipedia (ang)

PR-score:
45th place
4,000
+1,900
AR-score:
280th place
200
0
F-score:
396th place
1
0

Interlingua Wikipedia (ia)

PR-score:
85th place
3,300
-350
AR-score:
120th place
1,850
0
F-score:
582nd place
2
0

Urdu Wikipedia (ur)

PR-score:
773rd place
3,022
-979
AR-score:
1,126th place
1,788
+33
F-score:
517th place
27
+1

Telugu Wikipedia (te)

PR-score:
658th place
3,016
+93
AR-score:
697th place
2,266
+42
F-score:
538th place
22
+1

Irish Wikipedia (ga)

PR-score:
212th place
2,822
-159
AR-score:
1,293rd place
312
+20
F-score:
644th place
4
0

Wu Wikipedia (wuu)

PR-score:
95th place
2,700
+300
AR-score:
216th place
400
0
F-score:
717th place
1
0

Belarusian (Taraškievica) Wikipedia (be-x-old)

PR-score:
497th place
2,660
-477
AR-score:
634th place
2,879
+186
F-score:
1,361st place
7
+1

Kazakh Wikipedia (kk)

PR-score:
969th place
2,287
-962
AR-score:
505th place
1,741
0
F-score:
735th place
8
0

Scottish Gaelic Wikipedia (gd)

PR-score:
283rd place
1,958
-1,079
AR-score:
625th place
893
0
F-score:
233rd place
9
0

Faroese Wikipedia (fo)

PR-score:
317th place
1,900
+475
AR-score:
607th place
650
0
F-score:
788th place
2
0

Gujarati Wikipedia (gu)

PR-score:
524th place
1,334
-286
AR-score:
413th place
1,224
0
F-score:
314th place
18
0

Tatar Wikipedia (tt)

PR-score:
653rd place
1,220
-542
AR-score:
1,125th place
608
0
F-score:
1,649th place
3
0

Uzbek Wikipedia (uz)

PR-score:
989th place
1,152
+331
AR-score:
5,303rd place
14
0
F-score:
1,672nd place
3
0

Sindhi Wikipedia (sd)

PR-score:
304th place
983
+724
AR-score:
850th place
121
-112
F-score:
808th place
2
0

Ido Wikipedia (io)

PR-score:
529th place
968
-300
AR-score:
530th place
1,282
0
F-score:
262nd place
3
0

Norwegian (Nynorsk) Wikipedia (nn)

PR-score:
1,617th place
967
-112
AR-score:
1,927th place
1,499
0
F-score:
953rd place
17
0

Kannada Wikipedia (kn)

PR-score:
1,207th place
940
-31
AR-score:
1,723rd place
488
0
F-score:
561st place
23
0

Oriya Wikipedia (or)

PR-score:
577th place
937
-239
AR-score:
1,674th place
186
0
F-score:
1,254th place
4
0

Bashkir Wikipedia (ba)

PR-score:
1,081st place
877
-40
AR-score:
2,891st place
189
0
F-score:
2,777th place
4
0

Western Armenian Wikipedia (hyw)

PR-score:
465th place
875
-541
AR-score:
709th place
558
0
F-score:
1,011th place
4
0

Javanese Wikipedia (jv)

PR-score:
1,002nd place
874
-1,307
AR-score:
770th place
1,835
0
F-score:
695th place
18
0

Bhojpuri Wikipedia (bh)

PR-score:
663rd place
775
-175
AR-score:
589th place
175
0
F-score:
1,004th place
2
0

Sinhalese Wikipedia (si)

PR-score:
970th place
756
-424
AR-score:
1,006th place
279
+12
F-score:
457th place
11
0

Low Saxon Wikipedia (nds)

PR-score:
736th place
728
-400
AR-score:
1,953rd place
157
0
F-score:
1,082nd place
3
0

Basque Wikipedia (eu)

PR-score:
3,681st place
707
-1,194
AR-score:
2,791st place
1,294
0
F-score:
1,682nd place
10
0

Nepali Wikipedia (ne)

PR-score:
1,187th place
693
+299
AR-score:
2,455th place
212
0
F-score:
2,150th place
3
0

Kapampangan Wikipedia (pam)

PR-score:
337th place
650
+250
AR-score:
302nd place
750
0
F-score:
1,037th place
1
0

Minangkabau Wikipedia (min)

PR-score:
643rd place
626
-504
AR-score:
903rd place
90
0
F-score:
1,212th place
2
0

Mongolian Wikipedia (mn)

PR-score:
1,725th place
593
-944
AR-score:
1,861st place
351
0
F-score:
2,065th place
2
0

Xhosa Wikipedia (xh)

PR-score:
102nd place
566
-300
AR-score:
105th place
133
0
F-score:
250th place
1
0

Assamese Wikipedia (as)

PR-score:
1,098th place
521
-880
AR-score:
677th place
482
+31
F-score:
192nd place
27
0

Jamaican Patois Wikipedia (jam)

PR-score:
91st place
507
-159
AR-score:
67th place
186
0
F-score:
63rd place
2
0

Mingrelian Wikipedia (xmf)

PR-score:
614th place
450
-250
AR-score:
892nd place
100
0
F-score:
1,560th place
1
0

Hausa Wikipedia (ha)

PR-score:
218th place
446
-307
AR-score:
677th place
33
0
F-score:
623rd place
2
0

Mirandese Wikipedia (mwl)

PR-score:
417th place
385
-610
AR-score:
634th place
123
0
F-score:
286th place
4
0

Dutch Low Saxon Wikipedia (nds-nl)

PR-score:
501st place
360
-200
AR-score:
472nd place
146
+6
F-score:
552nd place
1
0

Egyptian Arabic Wikipedia (arz)

PR-score:
1,833rd place
358
-25
AR-score:
3,593rd place
91
0
F-score:
2,083rd place
2
0

Buryat Wikipedia (bxr)

PR-score:
576th place
355
-56
AR-score:
893rd place
11
0
F-score:
735th place
1
0

Avar Wikipedia (av)

PR-score:
347th place
333
-293
AR-score:
586th place
13
0
F-score:
621st place
1
0

Western Punjabi Wikipedia (pnb)

PR-score:
840th place
330
+43
AR-score:
564th place
391
0
F-score:
275th place
23
0

Swahili Wikipedia (sw)

PR-score:
2,123rd place
215
-205
AR-score:
2,520th place
145
0
F-score:
1,472nd place
3
0

Luxembourgish Wikipedia (lb)

PR-score:
1,513th place
202
+50
AR-score:
777th place
1,235
0
F-score:
1,029th place
3
0

Tuvan Wikipedia (tyv)

PR-score:
337th place
200
-400
AR-score:
329th place
100
0
F-score:
1,179th place
1
0

Min Nan Wikipedia (zh-min-nan)

PR-score:
651st place
200
-100
AR-score:
764th place
100
0
F-score:
879th place
1
0

Sundanese Wikipedia (su)

PR-score:
2,074th place
181
+91
AR-score:
1,568th place
272
0
F-score:
748th place
10
0

Tajik Wikipedia (tg)

PR-score:
1,175th place
166
0
AR-score:
761st place
266
0
F-score:
430th place
4
0

Sorani Wikipedia (ckb)

PR-score:
2,320th place
156
+30
AR-score:
3,476th place
57
0
F-score:
960th place
4
0

Kurdish Wikipedia (ku)

PR-score:
1,287th place
150
+75
AR-score:
1,854th place
75
0
F-score:
2,001st place
1
0

Chechen Wikipedia (ce)

PR-score:
1,351st place
150
-250
AR-score:
838th place
200
0
F-score:
1,975th place
1
0

Occitan Wikipedia (oc)

PR-score:
2,224th place
133
-32
AR-score:
3,670th place
62
0
F-score:
719th place
5
0

West Frisian Wikipedia (fy)

PR-score:
1,595th place
100
-25
AR-score:
1,102nd place
400
0
F-score:
1,543rd place
1
0

Breton Wikipedia (br)

PR-score:
2,377th place
100
0
AR-score:
2,544th place
200
0
F-score:
4,179th place
1
0

Lezgian Wikipedia (lez)

PR-score:
784th place
100
-100
AR-score:
56th place
1,500
0
F-score:
526th place
1
0

Amharic Wikipedia (am)

PR-score:
310th place
100
-100
AR-score:
299th place
100
0
F-score:
338th place
1
0

Khmer Wikipedia (km)

PR-score:
1,374th place
94
+4
AR-score:
1,759th place
7
0
F-score:
935th place
2
0

Chuvash Wikipedia (cv)

PR-score:
1,867th place
50
0
AR-score:
1,816th place
100
0
F-score:
2,529th place
1
0

Ladino Wikipedia (lad)

PR-score:
837th place
40
0
AR-score:
1,275th place
6
0
F-score:
1,241st place
1
0

Tok Pisin Wikipedia (tpi)

PR-score:
119th place
20
0
AR-score:
119th place
20
0
F-score:
116th place
1
0

Sakha Wikipedia (sah)

PR-score:
1,616th place
14
0
AR-score:
1,537th place
14
0
F-score:
1,431st place
1
0

Zazaki Wikipedia (diq)

PR-score:
1,207th place
9
-8
AR-score:
1,316th place
2
0
F-score:
787th place
1
0

Santali Wikipedia (sat)

PR-score:
2,713th place
7
-50
AR-score:
1,662nd place
21
0
F-score:
1,509th place
1
0

Central Bicolano Wikipedia (bcl)

PR-score:
4,184th place
1
+1
AR-score:
4,406th place
0
0
F-score:
4,355th place
1
0

BestRef shows popularity and reliability scores for sources in references of Wikipedia articles in different languages. Data extraction based on complex method using Wikimedia dumps. To find the most popular and reliable sources we used information about over 200 million references of Wikipedia articles. More details...