rand.org

RAND Corporation is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces. It is financed by the U.S. government and private endowment, corporations, universities and private individuals. The company has grown to assist other governments, international organizations, private companies and foundations, with a host of defense and non-defense issues, including healthcare. RAND aims for interdisciplinary and quantitative problem solving by translating theoretical concepts from formal economics and the physical sciences into novel applications in other areas, using applied science and operations research. More information...

Multilingual Wikipedia

In June 2020 the website rand.org was on the 2,745th place in the ranking of the most reliable and popular sources in multilingual Wikipedia from readers' point of view (PR-score). If we consider only frequency of appearance of this source in references of Wikipedia articles (F-score), this website was on the 4,147th place in June 2020. From Wikipedians' point of view, "rand.org" is the 4,327th most reliable source in different language versions of Wikipedia (AR-score).

The website is placed before paultan.org and after fcbayern.com in multilingual PR ranking of the most reliable sources in Wikipedia.

PR-score:
2,745th place
12,652,422
-2,194,921
AR-score:
4,327th place
1,086,235
+7,805
F-score:
4,147th place
3,312
+64

English Wikipedia (en)

PR-score:
1,968th place
9,230,311
-1,654,954
AR-score:
2,770th place
710,304
+4,033
F-score:
2,770th place
1,668
+7

Spanish Wikipedia (es)

PR-score:
3,296th place
689,988
-228,134
AR-score:
4,227th place
59,846
+559
F-score:
4,447th place
131
+2

Russian Wikipedia (ru)

PR-score:
3,153rd place
636,582
-132,673
AR-score:
4,894th place
39,838
+1,870
F-score:
3,334th place
219
+6

German Wikipedia (de)

PR-score:
3,244th place
552,098
+14,926
AR-score:
5,069th place
55,787
+352
F-score:
5,337th place
109
0

Japanese Wikipedia (ja)

PR-score:
5,816th place
264,011
-557
AR-score:
10,202nd place
10,927
+29
F-score:
6,332nd place
70
0

French Wikipedia (fr)

PR-score:
4,841st place
248,813
-36,014
AR-score:
4,965th place
48,663
+279
F-score:
4,875th place
146
+5

Chinese Wikipedia (zh)

PR-score:
4,474th place
206,984
-13,990
AR-score:
6,228th place
11,056
+71
F-score:
4,573rd place
69
+1

Persian Wikipedia (fa)

PR-score:
890th place
127,877
+11,093
AR-score:
1,734th place
15,089
-649
F-score:
1,353rd place
67
+2

Arabic Wikipedia (ar)

PR-score:
2,166th place
94,656
+115
AR-score:
2,576th place
22,296
+98
F-score:
2,256th place
117
0

Vietnamese Wikipedia (vi)

PR-score:
1,839th place
68,881
+1,641
AR-score:
2,469th place
7,946
+136
F-score:
2,476th place
58
+28

Portuguese Wikipedia (pt)

PR-score:
9,811th place
65,948
-7,446
AR-score:
12,086th place
7,167
+280
F-score:
7,055th place
45
+2

Dutch Wikipedia (nl)

PR-score:
3,630th place
63,629
-4,281
AR-score:
3,816th place
13,315
+17
F-score:
3,041st place
27
+2

Italian Wikipedia (it)

PR-score:
11,121st place
56,154
-34,397
AR-score:
16,156th place
8,649
+18
F-score:
7,275th place
48
0

Turkish Wikipedia (tr)

PR-score:
2,708th place
50,949
-17,526
AR-score:
5,279th place
5,997
+15
F-score:
6,073rd place
13
0

Korean Wikipedia (ko)

PR-score:
2,129th place
48,670
+14,234
AR-score:
4,655th place
3,826
+54
F-score:
3,620th place
18
+2

Indonesian Wikipedia (id)

PR-score:
2,593rd place
38,861
+5,025
AR-score:
8,773rd place
2,028
+18
F-score:
3,375th place
36
0

Ukrainian Wikipedia (uk)

PR-score:
3,139th place
37,019
-33,005
AR-score:
3,699th place
8,589
+45
F-score:
3,638th place
53
0

Hebrew Wikipedia (he)

PR-score:
1,800th place
33,018
+2,268
AR-score:
2,055th place
12,149
+254
F-score:
1,732nd place
30
+4

Danish Wikipedia (da)

PR-score:
2,061st place
20,880
-12,654
AR-score:
3,206th place
4,745
+5
F-score:
3,044th place
14
0

Polish Wikipedia (pl)

PR-score:
22,106th place
15,484
-8,061
AR-score:
34,784th place
1,751
+26
F-score:
14,201st place
19
0

Thai Wikipedia (th)

PR-score:
3,876th place
14,060
-2,146
AR-score:
5,641st place
1,764
+1
F-score:
2,872nd place
16
0

Bosnian Wikipedia (bs)

PR-score:
645th place
11,648
-9,132
AR-score:
2,715th place
1,111
0
F-score:
2,982nd place
4
0

Swedish Wikipedia (sv)

PR-score:
8,302nd place
11,244
-4,682
AR-score:
14,927th place
2,564
0
F-score:
12,211th place
7
0

Finnish Wikipedia (fi)

PR-score:
7,861st place
9,001
-15,380
AR-score:
4,840th place
7,757
0
F-score:
8,173rd place
17
0

Romanian Wikipedia (ro)

PR-score:
6,335th place
6,593
-4,145
AR-score:
6,551st place
1,783
+1
F-score:
5,016th place
13
0

Hungarian Wikipedia (hu)

PR-score:
13,823rd place
4,939
-587
AR-score:
16,809th place
1,182
0
F-score:
14,616th place
5
0

Czech Wikipedia (cs)

PR-score:
19,010th place
4,879
-2,018
AR-score:
19,850th place
1,160
+3
F-score:
8,815th place
11
0

Bulgarian Wikipedia (bg)

PR-score:
8,210th place
4,512
-280
AR-score:
8,115th place
1,504
0
F-score:
5,980th place
7
0

Catalan Wikipedia (ca)

PR-score:
6,969th place
4,020
-3,310
AR-score:
8,319th place
3,094
+36
F-score:
4,487th place
29
0

Bengali Wikipedia (bn)

PR-score:
2,291st place
3,304
+825
AR-score:
4,176th place
1,030
+1
F-score:
3,459th place
10
0

Serbian Wikipedia (sr)

PR-score:
8,969th place
2,796
-4,514
AR-score:
12,168th place
857
+18
F-score:
2,423rd place
27
0

Simple English Wikipedia (simple)

PR-score:
7,198th place
2,472
-3,303
AR-score:
12,881st place
709
0
F-score:
2,685th place
15
0

Greek Wikipedia (el)

PR-score:
13,916th place
2,301
-522
AR-score:
23,034th place
296
0
F-score:
7,867th place
8
0

Swahili Wikipedia (sw)

PR-score:
410th place
2,113
-13
AR-score:
822nd place
708
0
F-score:
1,488th place
2
0

Gujarati Wikipedia (gu)

PR-score:
396th place
1,828
+110
AR-score:
1,148th place
389
0
F-score:
1,055th place
5
0

Afrikaans Wikipedia (af)

PR-score:
1,792nd place
1,686
-2,356
AR-score:
2,755th place
827
0
F-score:
1,249th place
11
0

Croatian Wikipedia (hr)

PR-score:
11,049th place
1,204
-376
AR-score:
16,804th place
221
+3
F-score:
8,689th place
3
0

Hindi Wikipedia (hi)

PR-score:
5,312th place
1,182
+114
AR-score:
8,661st place
351
+12
F-score:
2,781st place
8
0

Azerbaijani Wikipedia (az)

PR-score:
4,470th place
1,088
-215
AR-score:
4,687th place
700
+57
F-score:
1,967th place
15
+2

Kazakh Wikipedia (kk)

PR-score:
1,833rd place
875
-1,134
AR-score:
4,920th place
99
0
F-score:
2,387th place
2
0

Slovak Wikipedia (sk)

PR-score:
11,543rd place
736
-1,222
AR-score:
15,876th place
154
0
F-score:
5,949th place
4
0

Asturian Wikipedia (ast)

PR-score:
4,750th place
700
-265
AR-score:
7,570th place
422
+7
F-score:
2,905th place
17
0

Tamil Wikipedia (ta)

PR-score:
5,939th place
682
-90
AR-score:
9,080th place
341
0
F-score:
4,037th place
6
0

Norwegian Wikipedia (no)

PR-score:
24,044th place
651
-657
AR-score:
13,768th place
1,716
0
F-score:
6,469th place
11
0

Latvian Wikipedia (lv)

PR-score:
6,371st place
650
-4,150
AR-score:
7,221st place
450
+50
F-score:
9,120th place
2
0

Kannada Wikipedia (kn)

PR-score:
1,847th place
572
+63
AR-score:
2,902nd place
266
0
F-score:
1,376th place
9
0

Malay Wikipedia (ms)

PR-score:
11,056th place
563
+30
AR-score:
9,909th place
321
0
F-score:
6,146th place
6
0

Armenian Wikipedia (hy)

PR-score:
9,119th place
552
-252
AR-score:
19,252nd place
209
+1
F-score:
3,419th place
20
0

Belarusian (Taraškievica) Wikipedia (be-x-old)

PR-score:
2,071st place
454
+351
AR-score:
5,482nd place
204
+100
F-score:
4,461st place
2
0

Norwegian (Nynorsk) Wikipedia (nn)

PR-score:
3,192nd place
400
-698
AR-score:
9,307th place
142
+1
F-score:
3,868th place
3
0

Malayalam Wikipedia (ml)

PR-score:
6,059th place
385
-7
AR-score:
8,640th place
247
+3
F-score:
3,074th place
6
0

Galician Wikipedia (gl)

PR-score:
7,673rd place
381
-140
AR-score:
10,694th place
453
+1
F-score:
5,035th place
6
0

Estonian Wikipedia (et)

PR-score:
11,611th place
360
-31
AR-score:
14,940th place
190
0
F-score:
5,092nd place
7
0

Occitan Wikipedia (oc)

PR-score:
1,303rd place
306
-71
AR-score:
2,694th place
161
0
F-score:
2,693rd place
1
0

Santali Wikipedia (sat)

PR-score:
657th place
250
+17
AR-score:
1,848th place
16
0
F-score:
1,291st place
1
0

Mongolian Wikipedia (mn)

PR-score:
2,541st place
247
-70
AR-score:
2,889th place
152
0
F-score:
2,739th place
1
0

Slovenian Wikipedia (sl)

PR-score:
12,568th place
246
-222
AR-score:
6,932nd place
356
0
F-score:
3,666th place
5
0

Telugu Wikipedia (te)

PR-score:
4,020th place
245
+42
AR-score:
7,293rd place
98
0
F-score:
3,094th place
3
0

Nepali Wikipedia (ne)

PR-score:
2,623rd place
200
-100
AR-score:
1,145th place
600
0
F-score:
4,631st place
1
0

Marathi Wikipedia (mr)

PR-score:
2,719th place
193
+69
AR-score:
3,904th place
108
0
F-score:
2,687th place
1
0

Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia (sh)

PR-score:
14,014th place
186
-54
AR-score:
18,276th place
55
0
F-score:
9,366th place
2
0

Scots Wikipedia (sco)

PR-score:
7,745th place
166
+80
AR-score:
10,671st place
63
0
F-score:
2,099th place
6
0

Urdu Wikipedia (ur)

PR-score:
6,816th place
114
0
AR-score:
5,046th place
325
0
F-score:
5,782nd place
2
0

Interlingua Wikipedia (ia)

PR-score:
883rd place
100
0
AR-score:
316th place
700
0
F-score:
740th place
1
0

Belarusian Wikipedia (be)

PR-score:
11,563rd place
76
-62
AR-score:
14,505th place
68
0
F-score:
6,583rd place
3
0

Albanian Wikipedia (sq)

PR-score:
9,427th place
76
+41
AR-score:
14,540th place
17
0
F-score:
16,720th place
1
0

Bhojpuri Wikipedia (bh)

PR-score:
2,044th place
76
+5
AR-score:
2,396th place
12
0
F-score:
1,167th place
1
0

Tagalog Wikipedia (tl)

PR-score:
8,175th place
66
+33
AR-score:
7,009th place
100
0
F-score:
11,460th place
1
0

Basque Wikipedia (eu)

PR-score:
13,899th place
54
-125
AR-score:
19,153rd place
22
+1
F-score:
5,725th place
2
0

Tatar Wikipedia (tt)

PR-score:
4,660th place
50
+25
AR-score:
5,417th place
50
0
F-score:
5,330th place
1
0

Welsh Wikipedia (cy)

PR-score:
8,408th place
35
-40
AR-score:
9,487th place
45
0
F-score:
4,357th place
2
0

Georgian Wikipedia (ka)

PR-score:
20,640th place
26
+26
AR-score:
26,141st place
0
0
F-score:
26,046th place
1
+1

Luxembourgish Wikipedia (lb)

PR-score:
3,990th place
17
+11
AR-score:
4,241st place
31
0
F-score:
3,087th place
1
0

Western Punjabi Wikipedia (pnb)

PR-score:
7,427th place
7
+4
AR-score:
8,904th place
1
0
F-score:
6,557th place
1
0

Javanese Wikipedia (jv)

PR-score:
12,813th place
3
-9
AR-score:
12,110th place
9
0
F-score:
11,148th place
1
0

Mirandese Wikipedia (mwl)

PR-score:
2,088th place
1
0
AR-score:
1,442nd place
24
0
F-score:
890th place
1
0

Ilokano Wikipedia (ilo)

PR-score:
4,007th place
1
-1
AR-score:
4,004th place
2
0
F-score:
3,406th place
1
0

BestRef shows popularity and reliability scores for sources in references of Wikipedia articles in different languages. Data extraction based on complex method using Wikimedia dumps. To find the most popular and reliable sources we used information about over 200 million references of Wikipedia articles. More details...