The University of Groningen is a public research university in the city of Groningen in the Netherlands. The university was founded in 1614 and is the second-oldest university in the Netherlands. In 2014, the university celebrated its 400th anniversary. Currently, RUG is placed in the top 100 universities worldwide according to four international ranking tables. More information...

Multilingual Wikipedia

In June 2020 the website rug.nl was on the 2,171st place in the ranking of the most reliable and popular sources in multilingual Wikipedia from readers' point of view (PR-score). If we consider only frequency of appearance of this source in references of Wikipedia articles (F-score), this website was on the 2,683rd place in June 2020. From Wikipedians' point of view, "rug.nl" is the 2,270th most reliable source in different language versions of Wikipedia (AR-score).

The website is placed before youm7.com and after appleinsider.com in multilingual PR ranking of the most reliable sources in Wikipedia.

PR-score:
2,171st place
16,438,320
-2,436,931
AR-score:
2,270th place
2,224,364
+12,107
F-score:
2,683rd place
5,441
+63

English Wikipedia (en)

PR-score:
1,786th place
10,354,341
-1,373,519
AR-score:
1,975th place
1,030,075
+19,597
F-score:
2,331st place
2,025
+32

Dutch Wikipedia (nl)

PR-score:
93rd place
3,021,145
-267,981
AR-score:
116th place
607,851
+2,802
F-score:
137th place
864
+4

Spanish Wikipedia (es)

PR-score:
2,802nd place
823,148
-238,286
AR-score:
2,826th place
94,970
-767
F-score:
2,733rd place
233
+3

German Wikipedia (de)

PR-score:
4,094th place
431,265
-57,253
AR-score:
2,929th place
102,527
-269
F-score:
3,182nd place
202
+1

French Wikipedia (fr)

PR-score:
4,391st place
276,990
-62,425
AR-score:
3,128th place
83,149
+723
F-score:
2,776th place
293
+12

Russian Wikipedia (ru)

PR-score:
7,427th place
257,375
-114,261
AR-score:
7,026th place
26,779
+262
F-score:
4,487th place
158
0

Japanese Wikipedia (ja)

PR-score:
6,577th place
229,963
-23,397
AR-score:
5,943rd place
20,329
+96
F-score:
6,995th place
63
0

Polish Wikipedia (pl)

PR-score:
2,674th place
200,873
-58,941
AR-score:
3,864th place
22,324
+76
F-score:
3,360th place
110
0

Italian Wikipedia (it)

PR-score:
3,856th place
176,972
-125,651
AR-score:
6,407th place
23,550
-12,343
F-score:
6,006th place
61
0

Portuguese Wikipedia (pt)

PR-score:
4,251st place
165,420
-13,092
AR-score:
4,405th place
22,129
+343
F-score:
3,176th place
117
+2

Chinese Wikipedia (zh)

PR-score:
5,593rd place
157,973
+25,406
AR-score:
5,650th place
12,378
+37
F-score:
3,652nd place
91
0

Korean Wikipedia (ko)

PR-score:
2,402nd place
42,807
+7,529
AR-score:
4,069th place
4,523
+33
F-score:
1,990th place
37
0

Arabic Wikipedia (ar)

PR-score:
4,429th place
41,655
-4,248
AR-score:
3,098th place
18,015
+79
F-score:
2,822nd place
91
0

Hebrew Wikipedia (he)

PR-score:
2,362nd place
24,530
-5,391
AR-score:
855th place
30,337
+229
F-score:
588th place
101
+1

Vietnamese Wikipedia (vi)

PR-score:
5,227th place
19,421
-631
AR-score:
5,230th place
3,416
+81
F-score:
2,121st place
70
+1

Romanian Wikipedia (ro)

PR-score:
2,857th place
17,124
-26,475
AR-score:
4,549th place
2,607
0
F-score:
3,048th place
23
0

Hungarian Wikipedia (hu)

PR-score:
6,421st place
14,502
-4,773
AR-score:
6,585th place
3,654
+12
F-score:
2,760th place
36
0

Catalan Wikipedia (ca)

PR-score:
2,233rd place
13,796
-16,945
AR-score:
2,285th place
12,157
+133
F-score:
2,220th place
67
+1

Finnish Wikipedia (fi)

PR-score:
5,709th place
13,251
-12,912
AR-score:
3,926th place
9,788
+50
F-score:
2,154th place
87
0

Swedish Wikipedia (sv)

PR-score:
7,597th place
12,525
-3,614
AR-score:
5,175th place
8,235
+9
F-score:
4,115th place
28
0

Indonesian Wikipedia (id)

PR-score:
6,960th place
12,105
-1,506
AR-score:
5,198th place
3,598
+7
F-score:
3,042nd place
41
0

Greek Wikipedia (el)

PR-score:
4,828th place
10,613
-7,826
AR-score:
6,943rd place
1,671
+7
F-score:
5,669th place
12
0

Danish Wikipedia (da)

PR-score:
3,966th place
9,956
+1,671
AR-score:
3,053rd place
4,991
0
F-score:
1,629th place
29
0

West Frisian Wikipedia (fy)

PR-score:
54th place
8,409
-3,251
AR-score:
20th place
16,521
+150
F-score:
10th place
97
0

Ukrainian Wikipedia (uk)

PR-score:
11,076th place
8,231
-6,914
AR-score:
11,771st place
2,476
+86
F-score:
7,772nd place
23
+1

Dutch Low Saxon Wikipedia (nds-nl)

PR-score:
23rd place
8,112
+348
AR-score:
10th place
6,410
+166
F-score:
7th place
20
+1

Norwegian Wikipedia (no)

PR-score:
4,950th place
7,747
-6,917
AR-score:
5,025th place
5,469
0
F-score:
3,711th place
23
0

Persian Wikipedia (fa)

PR-score:
10,518th place
7,731
-290
AR-score:
10,077th place
2,263
0
F-score:
5,861st place
13
0

Turkish Wikipedia (tr)

PR-score:
12,738th place
7,439
-2,909
AR-score:
12,885th place
2,071
+39
F-score:
4,012th place
22
0

Bulgarian Wikipedia (bg)

PR-score:
6,125th place
7,045
-3,223
AR-score:
10,531st place
1,082
+2
F-score:
4,297th place
11
0

Thai Wikipedia (th)

PR-score:
6,706th place
6,690
-2,641
AR-score:
3,772nd place
2,890
0
F-score:
2,091st place
24
0

Croatian Wikipedia (hr)

PR-score:
4,112th place
6,605
-3,697
AR-score:
3,761st place
2,172
0
F-score:
3,694th place
10
0

Simple English Wikipedia (simple)

PR-score:
4,000th place
5,884
+13
AR-score:
4,866th place
2,499
0
F-score:
1,805th place
24
0

Georgian Wikipedia (ka)

PR-score:
2,053rd place
3,571
-915
AR-score:
4,241st place
587
0
F-score:
2,381st place
9
0

Limburgish Wikipedia (li)

PR-score:
81st place
3,307
+2,200
AR-score:
153rd place
1,336
+200
F-score:
447th place
2
0

Czech Wikipedia (cs)

PR-score:
24,171st place
3,131
+261
AR-score:
27,642nd place
722
+64
F-score:
10,045th place
10
+1

Norwegian (Nynorsk) Wikipedia (nn)

PR-score:
637th place
2,804
+99
AR-score:
871st place
3,268
0
F-score:
794th place
21
0

Serbian Wikipedia (sr)

PR-score:
10,937th place
2,079
-4,954
AR-score:
7,507th place
1,562
+8
F-score:
5,230th place
12
0

Bengali Wikipedia (bn)

PR-score:
4,087th place
1,684
-135
AR-score:
4,065th place
1,060
+1
F-score:
2,740th place
14
0

Galician Wikipedia (gl)

PR-score:
2,307th place
1,648
-1,813
AR-score:
2,258th place
2,732
+63
F-score:
606th place
66
0

Bavarian Wikipedia (bar)

PR-score:
459th place
1,600
+200
AR-score:
322nd place
1,700
0
F-score:
449th place
3
0

Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia (sh)

PR-score:
3,872nd place
1,429
-540
AR-score:
2,767th place
1,016
0
F-score:
2,787th place
10
0

Haitian Wikipedia (ht)

PR-score:
117th place
1,300
+400
AR-score:
50th place
2,600
0
F-score:
925th place
1
0

Afrikaans Wikipedia (af)

PR-score:
2,354th place
1,196
+493
AR-score:
2,918th place
772
0
F-score:
2,062nd place
7
0

Malay Wikipedia (ms)

PR-score:
8,198th place
932
-354
AR-score:
7,837th place
454
0
F-score:
6,701st place
6
0

Albanian Wikipedia (sq)

PR-score:
2,697th place
926
-6,253
AR-score:
5,471st place
193
+1
F-score:
4,578th place
3
+1

Armenian Wikipedia (hy)

PR-score:
6,654th place
858
-295
AR-score:
5,637th place
924
+31
F-score:
4,542nd place
15
+1

Slovenian Wikipedia (sl)

PR-score:
6,608th place
810
-643
AR-score:
7,445th place
319
0
F-score:
3,084th place
7
0

Asturian Wikipedia (ast)

PR-score:
4,447th place
763
-179
AR-score:
4,701st place
713
+1
F-score:
2,601st place
20
0

Malayalam Wikipedia (ml)

PR-score:
3,783rd place
744
-507
AR-score:
5,175th place
507
0
F-score:
1,778th place
12
0

Latvian Wikipedia (lv)

PR-score:
6,290th place
666
-6,984
AR-score:
6,594th place
500
0
F-score:
6,834th place
2
0

Esperanto Wikipedia (eo)

PR-score:
2,706th place
659
-428
AR-score:
1,582nd place
2,774
0
F-score:
1,279th place
13
0

Slovak Wikipedia (sk)

PR-score:
12,135th place
650
+167
AR-score:
7,844th place
633
0
F-score:
17,728th place
1
0

Luxembourgish Wikipedia (lb)

PR-score:
811th place
600
-400
AR-score:
799th place
1,200
0
F-score:
856th place
3
0

Macedonian Wikipedia (mk)

PR-score:
5,123rd place
580
-707
AR-score:
4,032nd place
643
+5
F-score:
1,752nd place
14
0

Bosnian Wikipedia (bs)

PR-score:
5,985th place
575
-183
AR-score:
7,853rd place
172
0
F-score:
1,165th place
13
0

Uzbek Wikipedia (uz)

PR-score:
1,708th place
444
+208
AR-score:
6,310th place
3
0
F-score:
6,038th place
1
0

Basque Wikipedia (eu)

PR-score:
5,832nd place
362
+348
AR-score:
13,309th place
104
+89
F-score:
5,758th place
2
+1

Tamil Wikipedia (ta)

PR-score:
9,165th place
346
-112
AR-score:
3,877th place
953
0
F-score:
2,024th place
15
0

Scots Wikipedia (sco)

PR-score:
5,300th place
317
-169
AR-score:
4,956th place
221
0
F-score:
3,314th place
4
0

Scottish Gaelic Wikipedia (gd)

PR-score:
1,106th place
275
+25
AR-score:
2,862nd place
50
0
F-score:
3,194th place
1
0

Low Saxon Wikipedia (nds)

PR-score:
1,680th place
250
+50
AR-score:
2,052nd place
150
0
F-score:
4,184th place
1
0

Wu Wikipedia (wuu)

PR-score:
526th place
233
0
AR-score:
985th place
33
0
F-score:
1,069th place
1
0

Tagalog Wikipedia (tl)

PR-score:
4,789th place
213
-140
AR-score:
4,314th place
253
0
F-score:
3,850th place
3
0

Burmese Wikipedia (my)

PR-score:
3,010th place
175
-174
AR-score:
2,676th place
115
0
F-score:
1,826th place
3
0

Faroese Wikipedia (fo)

PR-score:
1,434th place
166
-122
AR-score:
1,019th place
277
0
F-score:
1,184th place
1
0

Javanese Wikipedia (jv)

PR-score:
3,909th place
145
-102
AR-score:
9,552nd place
47
0
F-score:
2,668th place
5
0

West Flemish Wikipedia (vls)

PR-score:
302nd place
140
+20
AR-score:
223rd place
120
0
F-score:
277th place
1
0

Maltese Wikipedia (mt)

PR-score:
941st place
126
-309
AR-score:
1,376th place
52
0
F-score:
853rd place
1
0

Punjabi Wikipedia (pa)

PR-score:
5,189th place
118
-27
AR-score:
15,296th place
9
0
F-score:
15,699th place
1
0

Lithuanian Wikipedia (lt)

PR-score:
14,897th place
108
-340
AR-score:
9,643rd place
320
0
F-score:
4,055th place
4
0

Breton Wikipedia (br)

PR-score:
2,081st place
100
0
AR-score:
545th place
1,500
0
F-score:
2,395th place
1
0

South Azerbaijani Wikipedia (azb)

PR-score:
6,099th place
100
-100
AR-score:
4,506th place
200
0
F-score:
12,029th place
1
0

Kabardian Circassian Wikipedia (kbd)

PR-score:
142nd place
90
-70
AR-score:
138th place
60
0
F-score:
115th place
1
0

Belarusian Wikipedia (be)

PR-score:
11,026th place
86
-189
AR-score:
9,059th place
195
0
F-score:
4,114th place
5
0

Telugu Wikipedia (te)

PR-score:
8,470th place
60
0
AR-score:
16,503rd place
5
0
F-score:
8,735th place
1
0

Azerbaijani Wikipedia (az)

PR-score:
19,722nd place
59
+12
AR-score:
22,048th place
47
0
F-score:
14,428th place
2
0

Assamese Wikipedia (as)

PR-score:
3,560th place
56
-36
AR-score:
2,600th place
81
+1
F-score:
706th place
7
0

Occitan Wikipedia (oc)

PR-score:
3,753rd place
50
-150
AR-score:
3,111th place
100
0
F-score:
1,964th place
2
0

Sinhalese Wikipedia (si)

PR-score:
4,165th place
40
-80
AR-score:
3,242nd place
40
0
F-score:
2,425th place
2
0

Estonian Wikipedia (et)

PR-score:
29,213th place
25
+13
AR-score:
30,269th place
25
0
F-score:
31,526th place
1
0

Gujarati Wikipedia (gu)

PR-score:
6,899th place
23
+4
AR-score:
7,768th place
17
0
F-score:
5,040th place
1
0

Kannada Wikipedia (kn)

PR-score:
12,760th place
22
-20
AR-score:
8,626th place
59
0
F-score:
4,703rd place
3
0

BestRef shows popularity and reliability scores for sources in references of Wikipedia articles in different languages. Data extraction based on complex method using Wikimedia dumps. To find the most popular and reliable sources we used information about over 200 million references of Wikipedia articles. More details...