umich.edu

The University of Michigan, often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The university is Michigan's oldest; it was founded in 1817 in Detroit, as the Catholepistemiad, or the University of Michigania, 20 years before the territory became a state. The school was moved to Ann Arbor in 1837 onto of what is now known as Central Campus. Since its establishment in Ann Arbor, the flagship university campus has expanded to include more than 584 major buildings with a combined area of more than spread out over a Central Campus and North Campus, two regional campuses in Flint and Dearborn, and a Center in Detroit. The university is a founding member of the Association of American Universities. More information...

Multilingual Wikipedia

In June 2020 the website umich.edu was on the 288th place in the ranking of the most reliable and popular sources in multilingual Wikipedia from readers' point of view (PR-score). If we consider only frequency of appearance of this source in references of Wikipedia articles (F-score), this website was on the 233rd place in June 2020. From Wikipedians' point of view, "umich.edu" is the 217th most reliable source in different language versions of Wikipedia (AR-score).

The website is placed before stat.gov.pl and after prnewswire.com in multilingual PR ranking of the most reliable sources in Wikipedia.

PR-score:
288th place
118,844,663
-19,318,616
AR-score:
217th place
18,841,982
+500,314
F-score:
233rd place
54,568
+731

English Wikipedia (en)

PR-score:
238th place
84,016,968
-7,427,416
AR-score:
188th place
9,556,651
+42,927
F-score:
157th place
24,518
+182

Spanish Wikipedia (es)

PR-score:
254th place
9,141,820
-3,195,549
AR-score:
458th place
664,034
+3,589
F-score:
367th place
1,962
+23

German Wikipedia (de)

PR-score:
705th place
2,920,993
+108,677
AR-score:
783rd place
431,702
+2,833
F-score:
557th place
1,260
+2

Russian Wikipedia (ru)

PR-score:
724th place
2,893,062
-945,120
AR-score:
821st place
256,566
+1,611
F-score:
598th place
1,254
+22

Chinese Wikipedia (zh)

PR-score:
604th place
2,088,008
-243,752
AR-score:
558th place
173,950
+1,900
F-score:
506th place
831
+5

Portuguese Wikipedia (pt)

PR-score:
384th place
2,069,056
-273,166
AR-score:
540th place
230,408
+490
F-score:
560th place
885
+4

French Wikipedia (fr)

PR-score:
750th place
2,019,507
-452,679
AR-score:
700th place
437,263
+2,115
F-score:
643rd place
1,389
+10

Polish Wikipedia (pl)

PR-score:
410th place
1,514,661
-826,136
AR-score:
559th place
206,789
-923
F-score:
487th place
1,074
+6

Italian Wikipedia (it)

PR-score:
549th place
1,331,559
-797,881
AR-score:
663rd place
269,376
+1,117
F-score:
496th place
924
+3

Japanese Wikipedia (ja)

PR-score:
1,491st place
1,222,643
-65,164
AR-score:
1,816th place
78,657
+916
F-score:
908th place
629
+17

Swedish Wikipedia (sv)

PR-score:
136th place
1,128,022
-1,133,464
AR-score:
161st place
469,119
+1,391
F-score:
107th place
2,442
+2

Catalan Wikipedia (ca)

PR-score:
41st place
943,161
-569,733
AR-score:
12th place
3,681,781
+426,227
F-score:
39th place
4,446
+371

Dutch Wikipedia (nl)

PR-score:
306th place
863,677
-215,663
AR-score:
411th place
161,437
+456
F-score:
271st place
436
0

Arabic Wikipedia (ar)

PR-score:
322nd place
721,110
-160,350
AR-score:
324th place
235,392
+341
F-score:
211th place
1,370
+8

Czech Wikipedia (cs)

PR-score:
265th place
716,998
-284,061
AR-score:
361st place
103,242
+591
F-score:
362nd place
426
+4

Korean Wikipedia (ko)

PR-score:
252nd place
541,386
-161,293
AR-score:
460th place
56,754
-23
F-score:
198th place
454
0

Finnish Wikipedia (fi)

PR-score:
231st place
483,317
-396,462
AR-score:
177th place
278,114
-113
F-score:
154th place
1,382
-1

Simple English Wikipedia (simple)

PR-score:
63rd place
438,225
-182,052
AR-score:
119th place
98,487
+348
F-score:
199th place
206
+1

Vietnamese Wikipedia (vi)

PR-score:
421st place
339,751
-69,325
AR-score:
257th place
100,128
+233
F-score:
278th place
644
+2

Turkish Wikipedia (tr)

PR-score:
502nd place
287,082
-37,266
AR-score:
634th place
52,370
+1,119
F-score:
403rd place
291
+5

Indonesian Wikipedia (id)

PR-score:
381st place
284,427
-37,582
AR-score:
379th place
49,348
+270
F-score:
318th place
444
+6

Greek Wikipedia (el)

PR-score:
256th place
245,686
-43,727
AR-score:
348th place
37,537
+165
F-score:
440th place
191
+2

Croatian Wikipedia (hr)

PR-score:
161st place
228,632
-212,320
AR-score:
107th place
80,496
-6
F-score:
203rd place
219
-2

Thai Wikipedia (th)

PR-score:
343rd place
221,694
-44,721
AR-score:
323rd place
40,603
+18
F-score:
238th place
238
0

Bulgarian Wikipedia (bg)

PR-score:
299th place
219,395
-20,468
AR-score:
236th place
68,561
+292
F-score:
227th place
243
0

Ukrainian Wikipedia (uk)

PR-score:
624th place
205,619
-268,990
AR-score:
636th place
55,462
+283
F-score:
738th place
308
+2

Hungarian Wikipedia (hu)

PR-score:
581st place
203,140
-149,029
AR-score:
306th place
88,274
+266
F-score:
388th place
299
+1

Persian Wikipedia (fa)

PR-score:
741st place
153,178
-22,038
AR-score:
410th place
70,679
+635
F-score:
516th place
197
+5

Serbian Wikipedia (sr)

PR-score:
285th place
138,871
-411,885
AR-score:
282nd place
50,650
+621
F-score:
223rd place
348
+21

Romanian Wikipedia (ro)

PR-score:
427th place
122,888
-135,580
AR-score:
640th place
19,212
+190
F-score:
622nd place
127
0

Danish Wikipedia (da)

PR-score:
411th place
111,912
-17,122
AR-score:
757th place
19,899
+34
F-score:
500th place
113
0

Hebrew Wikipedia (he)

PR-score:
583rd place
108,943
-8,741
AR-score:
476th place
54,844
+2,619
F-score:
419th place
144
+4

Latvian Wikipedia (lv)

PR-score:
98th place
90,525
-157,200
AR-score:
54th place
95,057
+388
F-score:
40th place
755
0

Norwegian Wikipedia (no)

PR-score:
540th place
88,148
-63,825
AR-score:
474th place
70,944
+133
F-score:
579th place
187
0

Slovak Wikipedia (sk)

PR-score:
626th place
49,509
-21,367
AR-score:
587th place
11,242
+118
F-score:
466th place
64
0

Central Bicolano Wikipedia (bcl)

PR-score:
4th place
39,969
-15,991
AR-score:
3rd place
22,233
+34
F-score:
46th place
102
0

Hindi Wikipedia (hi)

PR-score:
285th place
38,099
-3,714
AR-score:
265th place
16,566
+1,134
F-score:
230th place
119
0

Slovenian Wikipedia (sl)

PR-score:
252nd place
36,875
-66,895
AR-score:
297th place
10,926
+100
F-score:
258th place
96
0

Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia (sh)

PR-score:
218th place
33,137
-34,506
AR-score:
187th place
16,168
+3
F-score:
138th place
241
-1

Malay Wikipedia (ms)

PR-score:
521st place
30,388
-3,880
AR-score:
354th place
12,976
+69
F-score:
432nd place
109
+1

Tamil Wikipedia (ta)

PR-score:
225th place
27,992
-3,469
AR-score:
255th place
15,378
+22
F-score:
331st place
109
0

Estonian Wikipedia (et)

PR-score:
366th place
27,777
-31,744
AR-score:
469th place
12,071
+15
F-score:
220th place
193
0

Tagalog Wikipedia (tl)

PR-score:
85th place
27,432
+280
AR-score:
129th place
13,144
+145
F-score:
216th place
58
+1

Basque Wikipedia (eu)

PR-score:
169th place
26,987
-7,975
AR-score:
141st place
40,520
0
F-score:
137th place
159
0

Lithuanian Wikipedia (lt)

PR-score:
570th place
25,074
-19,925
AR-score:
423rd place
12,964
+2
F-score:
739th place
22
0

Bosnian Wikipedia (bs)

PR-score:
307th place
24,867
-27,163
AR-score:
330th place
9,084
+80
F-score:
402nd place
40
+2

Asturian Wikipedia (ast)

PR-score:
205th place
24,417
-6,443
AR-score:
198th place
19,940
+66
F-score:
140th place
410
0

Albanian Wikipedia (sq)

PR-score:
193rd place
20,852
-24,859
AR-score:
484th place
3,784
+3
F-score:
339th place
39
0

Galician Wikipedia (gl)

PR-score:
224th place
19,896
-6,271
AR-score:
262nd place
23,551
+360
F-score:
166th place
271
+3

Armenian Wikipedia (hy)

PR-score:
564th place
13,640
-15,772
AR-score:
699th place
8,322
+59
F-score:
580th place
142
+10

Macedonian Wikipedia (mk)

PR-score:
385th place
13,562
-33,866
AR-score:
371st place
7,078
+50
F-score:
277th place
88
0

Occitan Wikipedia (oc)

PR-score:
59th place
12,947
-1,435
AR-score:
118th place
6,954
+8
F-score:
452nd place
8
0

Bengali Wikipedia (bn)

PR-score:
622nd place
12,627
-3,630
AR-score:
295th place
15,997
+134
F-score:
399th place
117
+2

Karachay-Balkar Wikipedia (krc)

PR-score:
7th place
12,500
-2,200
AR-score:
55th place
1,250
0
F-score:
280th place
1
0

Scots Wikipedia (sco)

PR-score:
201st place
12,480
-9,846
AR-score:
330th place
3,726
+8
F-score:
202nd place
61
0

Navajo Wikipedia (nv)

PR-score:
4th place
11,056
+1,558
AR-score:
3rd place
10,194
0
F-score:
3rd place
19
0

Ingush Wikipedia (inh)

PR-score:
14th place
10,900
-3,100
AR-score:
106th place
150
0
F-score:
106th place
1
0

Mongolian Wikipedia (mn)

PR-score:
152nd place
10,883
-21,125
AR-score:
203rd place
3,692
0
F-score:
384th place
10
0

Afrikaans Wikipedia (af)

PR-score:
306th place
10,687
-5,667
AR-score:
100th place
20,085
+3,714
F-score:
223rd place
65
+1

Esperanto Wikipedia (eo)

PR-score:
182nd place
10,481
-2,769
AR-score:
87th place
40,622
+78
F-score:
57th place
257
+1

Malayalam Wikipedia (ml)

PR-score:
348th place
10,260
-3,323
AR-score:
166th place
19,243
+16
F-score:
206th place
132
0

Latin Wikipedia (la)

PR-score:
146th place
9,388
-1,485
AR-score:
83rd place
21,848
0
F-score:
95th place
54
0

Telugu Wikipedia (te)

PR-score:
248th place
9,075
-2,351
AR-score:
865th place
1,804
0
F-score:
434th place
28
0

Azerbaijani Wikipedia (az)

PR-score:
891st place
8,788
-5,376
AR-score:
790th place
5,639
+24
F-score:
354th place
91
+1

Georgian Wikipedia (ka)

PR-score:
1,030th place
8,447
-2,988
AR-score:
532nd place
5,461
+27
F-score:
157th place
174
0

Sorani Wikipedia (ckb)

PR-score:
123rd place
7,533
+1,908
AR-score:
305th place
1,708
0
F-score:
628th place
6
0

Avar Wikipedia (av)

PR-score:
30th place
7,000
-1,800
AR-score:
473rd place
33
0
F-score:
473rd place
1
0

Urdu Wikipedia (ur)

PR-score:
378th place
6,741
+923
AR-score:
157th place
13,630
0
F-score:
543rd place
26
0

Bashkir Wikipedia (ba)

PR-score:
145th place
5,420
-971
AR-score:
933rd place
629
0
F-score:
562nd place
17
0

Egyptian Arabic Wikipedia (arz)

PR-score:
242nd place
5,362
-1,282
AR-score:
110th place
6,204
0
F-score:
371st place
10
0

South Azerbaijani Wikipedia (azb)

PR-score:
180th place
5,233
+400
AR-score:
873rd place
716
0
F-score:
2,076th place
5
0

Welsh Wikipedia (cy)

PR-score:
339th place
4,907
-1,101
AR-score:
281st place
5,775
-17
F-score:
282nd place
33
0

Norwegian (Nynorsk) Wikipedia (nn)

PR-score:
525th place
3,471
-810
AR-score:
629th place
4,427
0
F-score:
380th place
48
0

Swahili Wikipedia (sw)

PR-score:
259th place
3,465
-1,686
AR-score:
194th place
3,159
+634
F-score:
259th place
19
+1

Belarusian Wikipedia (be)

PR-score:
760th place
3,399
+1,209
AR-score:
659th place
3,879
+233
F-score:
628th place
40
+2

Punjabi Wikipedia (pa)

PR-score:
384th place
3,051
-1,006
AR-score:
466th place
1,550
0
F-score:
232nd place
41
0

Kannada Wikipedia (kn)

PR-score:
459th place
2,955
-511
AR-score:
356th place
2,699
+6
F-score:
181st place
72
+3

Newar Wikipedia (new)

PR-score:
98th place
2,615
+325
AR-score:
308th place
362
0
F-score:
204th place
3
0

Assamese Wikipedia (as)

PR-score:
254th place
2,602
-504
AR-score:
392nd place
832
+85
F-score:
231st place
22
0

Western Armenian Wikipedia (hyw)

PR-score:
142nd place
2,589
-458
AR-score:
1,280th place
301
0
F-score:
1,006th place
4
0

Belarusian (Taraškievica) Wikipedia (be-x-old)

PR-score:
525th place
2,479
+515
AR-score:
420th place
4,299
0
F-score:
1,601st place
6
0

Manx Wikipedia (gv)

PR-score:
93rd place
2,436
-944
AR-score:
100th place
1,722
0
F-score:
91st place
5
0

Gujarati Wikipedia (gu)

PR-score:
303rd place
2,420
-127
AR-score:
544th place
944
+1
F-score:
178th place
34
0

Ilokano Wikipedia (ilo)

PR-score:
256th place
2,321
-364
AR-score:
154th place
1,742
0
F-score:
100th place
27
0

Extremaduran Wikipedia (ext)

PR-score:
71st place
1,833
-667
AR-score:
71st place
1,433
0
F-score:
155th place
2
0

Wu Wikipedia (wuu)

PR-score:
144th place
1,788
+105
AR-score:
291st place
283
0
F-score:
488th place
2
0

Yiddish Wikipedia (yi)

PR-score:
193rd place
1,775
-168
AR-score:
189th place
1,447
0
F-score:
143rd place
3
0

Aragonese Wikipedia (an)

PR-score:
329th place
1,600
+100
AR-score:
305th place
2,750
0
F-score:
1,324th place
2
0

Guarani Wikipedia (gn)

PR-score:
184th place
1,600
-133
AR-score:
197th place
316
+16
F-score:
160th place
2
0

Nepali Wikipedia (ne)

PR-score:
702nd place
1,362
-475
AR-score:
1,174th place
591
+12
F-score:
467th place
13
0

Marathi Wikipedia (mr)

PR-score:
960th place
1,346
+154
AR-score:
983rd place
1,073
0
F-score:
1,113th place
4
0

Breton Wikipedia (br)

PR-score:
370th place
1,283
-350
AR-score:
663rd place
1,220
+50
F-score:
899th place
3
0

Kazakh Wikipedia (kk)

PR-score:
1,448th place
1,275
-341
AR-score:
299th place
2,875
0
F-score:
548th place
10
0

Javanese Wikipedia (jv)

PR-score:
746th place
1,246
+719
AR-score:
601st place
2,282
+6
F-score:
1,002nd place
13
+1

Lombard Wikipedia (lmo)

PR-score:
155th place
1,200
-100
AR-score:
586th place
200
0
F-score:
1,480th place
1
0

Sundanese Wikipedia (su)

PR-score:
522nd place
1,167
+247
AR-score:
226th place
1,878
0
F-score:
1,086th place
7
0

Minangkabau Wikipedia (min)

PR-score:
454th place
1,059
-29
AR-score:
925th place
84
+7
F-score:
279th place
7
+1

Buryat Wikipedia (bxr)

PR-score:
312th place
888
-500
AR-score:
547th place
58
0
F-score:
300th place
2
0

Cantonese Wikipedia (zh-yue)

PR-score:
2,623rd place
846
-389
AR-score:
2,037th place
544
0
F-score:
1,222nd place
6
0

Icelandic Wikipedia (is)

PR-score:
1,058th place
810
-556
AR-score:
688th place
1,375
0
F-score:
270th place
14
0

Interlingua Wikipedia (ia)

PR-score:
312th place
808
+683
AR-score:
859th place
121
+5
F-score:
235th place
3
0

Alemannic Wikipedia (als)

PR-score:
1,010th place
805
+174
AR-score:
644th place
1,056
+13
F-score:
198th place
11
0

Mingrelian Wikipedia (xmf)

PR-score:
398th place
800
-257
AR-score:
1,701st place
28
0
F-score:
1,880th place
1
0

Kurdish Wikipedia (ku)

PR-score:
536th place
742
-87
AR-score:
262nd place
1,936
0
F-score:
166th place
9
0

Yoruba Wikipedia (yo)

PR-score:
604th place
713
-72
AR-score:
1,128th place
365
0
F-score:
691st place
3
0

Western Punjabi Wikipedia (pnb)

PR-score:
450th place
703
+107
AR-score:
683rd place
300
0
F-score:
417th place
14
0

Low Saxon Wikipedia (nds)

PR-score:
892nd place
600
+88
AR-score:
2,234th place
125
0
F-score:
1,702nd place
2
0

West Flemish Wikipedia (vls)

PR-score:
107th place
531
+33
AR-score:
382nd place
55
0
F-score:
129th place
2
0

Sinhalese Wikipedia (si)

PR-score:
1,225th place
514
-401
AR-score:
907th place
309
-54
F-score:
516th place
10
-3

Kapampangan Wikipedia (pam)

PR-score:
423rd place
479
-85
AR-score:
370th place
572
0
F-score:
460th place
3
0

Maltese Wikipedia (mt)

PR-score:
467th place
463
-187
AR-score:
1,105th place
91
0
F-score:
393rd place
3
0

Mirandese Wikipedia (mwl)

PR-score:
387th place
429
-182
AR-score:
216th place
528
0
F-score:
140th place
7
0

Ladino Wikipedia (lad)

PR-score:
302nd place
426
-60
AR-score:
332nd place
430
0
F-score:
392nd place
2
0

Santali Wikipedia (sat)

PR-score:
455th place
400
-111
AR-score:
2,255th place
11
0
F-score:
2,640th place
1
0

Tatar Wikipedia (tt)

PR-score:
1,707th place
383
-100
AR-score:
3,153rd place
150
0
F-score:
618th place
7
0

Sakha Wikipedia (sah)

PR-score:
568th place
340
-231
AR-score:
973rd place
67
0
F-score:
412th place
3
0

Khmer Wikipedia (km)

PR-score:
841st place
318
-31
AR-score:
858th place
77
0
F-score:
357th place
4
0

Oriya Wikipedia (or)

PR-score:
1,325th place
279
-178
AR-score:
1,463rd place
215
0
F-score:
405th place
13
0

Faroese Wikipedia (fo)

PR-score:
1,217th place
257
-57
AR-score:
1,933rd place
57
0
F-score:
900th place
2
0

Luxembourgish Wikipedia (lb)

PR-score:
1,426th place
240
-222
AR-score:
868th place
1,076
0
F-score:
240th place
12
0

Irish Wikipedia (ga)

PR-score:
1,102nd place
236
+31
AR-score:
404th place
1,947
0
F-score:
386th place
6
0

Turkmen Wikipedia (tk)

PR-score:
262nd place
225
+200
AR-score:
431st place
25
0
F-score:
602nd place
1
0

Bhojpuri Wikipedia (bh)

PR-score:
1,434th place
213
-35
AR-score:
1,064th place
82
0
F-score:
588th place
3
0

Quechua Wikipedia (qu)

PR-score:
373rd place
200
-100
AR-score:
194th place
1,000
0
F-score:
637th place
1
0

Kabyle Wikipedia (kab)

PR-score:
278th place
140
-40
AR-score:
367th place
4
-1
F-score:
184th place
1
0

Chuvash Wikipedia (cv)

PR-score:
1,124th place
133
-100
AR-score:
2,596th place
33
0
F-score:
2,706th place
1
0

Burmese Wikipedia (my)

PR-score:
3,686th place
114
+66
AR-score:
4,256th place
40
0
F-score:
2,915th place
2
0

Scottish Gaelic Wikipedia (gd)

PR-score:
1,746th place
114
+14
AR-score:
2,544th place
71
0
F-score:
2,113th place
1
0

Rusyn Wikipedia (rue)

PR-score:
448th place
100
0
AR-score:
77th place
600
0
F-score:
350th place
1
0

Corsican Wikipedia (co)

PR-score:
244th place
100
0
AR-score:
160th place
150
0
F-score:
305th place
1
0

Min Nan Wikipedia (zh-min-nan)

PR-score:
788th place
100
+50
AR-score:
588th place
250
0
F-score:
758th place
1
0

Anglo-Saxon Wikipedia (ang)

PR-score:
352nd place
100
-100
AR-score:
231st place
350
0
F-score:
265th place
1
0

Volapük Wikipedia (vo)

PR-score:
392nd place
83
-67
AR-score:
251st place
166
0
F-score:
86th place
2
0

Maithili Wikipedia (mai)

PR-score:
1,719th place
75
+25
AR-score:
2,411th place
25
0
F-score:
2,855th place
1
0

Papiamentu Wikipedia (pap)

PR-score:
252nd place
58
-25
AR-score:
293rd place
8
0
F-score:
298th place
1
0

Banyumasan Wikipedia (map-bms)

PR-score:
523rd place
58
-16
AR-score:
561st place
5
0
F-score:
527th place
1
0

Haitian Wikipedia (ht)

PR-score:
1,347th place
53
-295
AR-score:
2,432nd place
2
0
F-score:
2,363rd place
1
0

Sindhi Wikipedia (sd)

PR-score:
1,959th place
50
0
AR-score:
722nd place
150
0
F-score:
1,993rd place
1
0

Palatinate German Wikipedia (pfl)

PR-score:
381st place
44
+22
AR-score:
423rd place
11
0
F-score:
409th place
1
0

Neapolitan Wikipedia (nap)

PR-score:
387th place
27
+2
AR-score:
414th place
2
0
F-score:
267th place
1
0

Chechen Wikipedia (ce)

PR-score:
2,497th place
21
-14
AR-score:
2,524th place
14
0
F-score:
2,297th place
1
0

BestRef shows popularity and reliability scores for sources in references of Wikipedia articles in different languages. Data extraction based on complex method using Wikimedia dumps. To find the most popular and reliable sources we used information about over 200 million references of Wikipedia articles. More details...