Chernobyl disaster (English Wikipedia)

Analisys of sources in references of the Wikipedia ariticle en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chernobyl disaster

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archive.orgweb.archive.org↓ (133), archive.org↓ (4)13722
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accidont.ru

  • 24. Dmitriev, Viktor (30 November 2013). "Turbogenerator Rundown". Причины Чернобыльской аварии известны. N/A. Retrieved 19 September 2021. На АЭС с реакторами РБМК-1000 используется выбег главных циркуляционных насосов (ГЦН) как самозащита при внезапном исчезновении электропитания собственных нужд (СН). Пока не включится резервное питание, циркуляция может осуществляться за счет выбега. С этой целью для увеличения продолжительности выбега, на валу электродвигателя –привода ГЦН установлен маховик с достаточно большой маховой массой.
  • 40. Adamov, E. O.; Cherkashov, Yu. M.; et al. (2006). Channel Nuclear Power Reactor RBMK (in Russian) (Hardcover ed.). Moscow: GUP NIKIET. ISBN 978-5-98706-018-6. Archived from the original on 2 August 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
  • 45. Davletbaev, R.I. (1995). Last shift Chernobyl. Ten years later. Inevitability or chance? (in Russian). Moscow: Energoatomizdat. ISBN 978-5-283-03618-2. Archived from the original on 24 December 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2009.
  • 99. "Report for the IAEA on the Chernobyl Accident". Atomic Energy (in Russian). IAEA. 61: 308–320. 1986. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2018.

allthingsnuclear.org

andanafilms.com

  • 5. Johnson, Thomas (author/director) (2006). The battle of Chernobyl. Play Film / Discovery Channel. (see 1996 interview with Mikhail Gorbachev)

api.semanticscholar.org

apnewsarchive.com

apps.dtic.mil

archive.org

archive.today

armadale.org.uk

atomicinsights.com

bbc.co.uk

bbc.com

bellona.org

bhopal.net

books.google.com

businessinsider.com

cancerletter.com

cbc.ca

channel.nationalgeographic.com

chem.purdue.edu

chernobyl.undp.org

chernobylgallery.com

  • 70. "Timeline: A chronology of events surrounding the Chernobyl nuclear disaster". The Chernobyl Gallery. 15 February 2013. Archived from the original on 18 March 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2018. 28 April – Monday 09:30 – Staff at the Forsmark Nuclear Power Plant, Sweden, detect a dangerous surge in radioactivity. Initially picked up when a routine check reveals that the soles shoes worn by a radiological safety engineer at the plant were radioactive. [28 April – Monday] 21:02 – Moscow TV news announce that an accident has occurred at the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant.[...] [28 April – Monday] 23:00 – A Danish nuclear research laboratory announces that an MCA (maximum credible accident) has occurred in the Chernobyl nuclear reactor. They mention a complete meltdown of one of the reactors and that all radioactivity has been released.

chernobylreport.org

chornobyl.in.ua

  • 253. ""Shelter" object". Chernobyl, Pripyat, the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the exclusion zone. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2012. The bulk of work that had been implemented in order to eliminate the consequences of the accident and minimalize the escape of radionuclides into the environment was to construct a protective shell over the destroyed reactor at Chernobyl.[...] work on the construction of a protective shell was the most important, extremely dangerous and risky. The protective shell, which was named the «Shelter» object, was created in a very short period of time—six months. [...] Construction of the “Shelter” object began after mid-May 1986. The State Commission decided on the long-term conservation of the fourth unit of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in order to prevent the release of radionuclides into the environment and to reduce the influence of penetrating radiation at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant site.

collectinghistory.net

colorado.edu

csmonitor.com

digital.library.unt.edu

doi.org

dtra.mil

ebrd.com

eepublishers.co.za

energy.gov

environmental-studies.de

escholarship.org

euromaidanpress.com

ewp.rpi.edu

food.gov.uk

foxnews.com

fr.wikipedia.org

genzyme.ca

gettyimages.ie

greenpeace.org

gt-mhr.ga.com

hawaiinewsdaily.com

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hromadske.radio

iaea.org

  • 1. "Chernobyl Nuclear Accident". www.iaea.org. 14 May 2014.
  • 111. "Facts: The accident was by far the most devastating in the history of nuclear power". International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). 21 September 1997. Archived from the original on 5 August 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  • 116. Jensen, Mikael; Lindhé, John-Christer (Autumn 1986). "International Reports – Sweden: Monitoring the Fallout" (PDF). IAEA Bulletin. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 June 2011.
  • 171. "Chernobyl's Legacy: Health, Environmental and Socio-Economic Impacts" (PDF). Chernobyl Forum. IAEA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  • 209. "Assessing the Chernobyl Consequences". International Atomic Energy Agency. Archived from the original on 30 August 2013.
  • 214. González, Abel J. (2014). "Imputability of Health Effects to Low-Dose Radiation Exposure Situations" (PDF). Nuclear Law in Progress. Buenos Aires: XXI AIDN/INLA Congress. p. 5. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  • 225. Mettler, Fred. "Chernobyl's Legacy". IAEA Bulletin. 47 (2). Archived from the original on 5 August 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  • 226. "What's the situation at Chernobyl?". IAEA.org. Archived from the original on 28 August 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  • 276. "IAEA Sees No Radiation-Related Risk from Fires in Chornobyl Exclusion Zone". www.iaea.org. 24 April 2020. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  • 283. Juhn, Poong-Eil; Kupitz, Juergen (1996). "Nuclear power beyond Chernobyl: A changing international perspective" (PDF). IAEA Bulletin. 38 (1): 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 May 2015. Retrieved 13 March 2015.

icmp.lviv.ua

independent.co.uk

insc.anl.gov

interestingengineering.com

ippnw-students.org

ippnw.eu

irsn.fr

istpravda.com.ua

japantimes.co.jp

ji-magazine.lviv.ua

jnm.snmjournals.org

jstage.jst.go.jp

kyivpost.com

large.stanford.edu

learningenglish.voanews.com

mainichi.jp

measuringworth.com

mk.ru

mphpa.org

myslenedrevo.com.ua

nationalacademies.org

nautil.us

nbcnews.com

news.bbc.co.uk

news.un.org

newscientist.com

npr.org

nrc.gov

nsrl.ttu.edu

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partizanai.org

  • 246. Prūsas, Zenonas. "KODĖL UKRAINIEČIAI TYLI?" [Why are the Ukrainians silent?]. partizanai.org (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 20 December 2020. Įdomu, kad tautiniam atgimimui sustiprinti yra labai daug padariusi Černobilio atominės energijos reaktoriaus katastrofa. Daugelis ukrainiečių tai suprato, kaip dar vieną rusų pastangų išnaikinti ukrainiečius, panašiai kaip per 1932-33 metų badmetį. [translation: Interestingly, the Chernobyl nuclear reactor disaster has done a great deal to strengthen national revival. Many Ukrainians understood this as another Russian effort to exterminate the Ukrainians, much like during the famine of 1932-33.]

phys.org

physiciansofchernobyl.org.ua

postchernobyl.kiev.ua

pris.iaea.org

  • 252. "Chernobyl-3". IAEA Power Reactor Information System. Archived from the original on 8 November 2018. Retrieved 8 November 2018. Site polled in May 2008 reports shutdown for units 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively at 30 November 1996, 11 October 1991, 15 December 2000 and 26 April 1986.

pulitzercenter.org

reactors.narod.ru

  • 25. "Main Circulating Pumps". Справочник "Функционирование АЭС (на примере РБМК-1000)". N/A. 19 September 2021. Retrieved 19 September 2021. Для увеличения времени выбега на валу электродвигателя установлен маховик.
  • 42. "Chernobyl as it was". narod.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on 17 May 2006. Retrieved 29 April 2006.

rfi.fr

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  • 270. Boyle, Rebecca (2017). "Greetings from Isotopia". Distillations. Vol. 3 no. 3. pp. 26–35. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2018.

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  • 107. De Geer, Lars-Erik; Persson, Christer; Rodhe, Henning (November 2017). "A Nuclear Jet at Chernobyl Around 21:23:45 UTC on April 25, 1986". Nuclear Technology. 201: 11–22. doi:10.1080/00295450.2017.1384269. The first explosion consisted of thermal neutron mediated nuclear explosions in one or rather a few fuel channels, which caused a jet of debris that reached an altitude of some 2500 to 3000 m. The second explosion would then have been the steam explosion most experts believe was the first one.

sverigesradio.se

telegraph.co.uk

the-scientist.com

thebulletin.org

theguardian.com

thelocal.no

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washingtonpost.com

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www-pub.iaea.org

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zamg.ac.at

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